You-tang Shen

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We have shown previously that the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-(7-36) amide increases myocardial glucose uptake and improves left ventricular (LV) and systemic hemodynamics in both conscious dogs with pacing-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and humans with LV systolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction. However, GLP-1-(7-36) is rapidly(More)
Recent evidence suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) enhances recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after transient coronary artery occlusion. However, it is uncertain whether GLP-1 has direct effects on normal or ischemic myocardium and whether the mechanism involves increased myocardial glucose uptake. LV function and myocardial glucose(More)
BACKGROUND The failing heart demonstrates a preference for glucose as its metabolic substrate. Whether enhancing myocardial glucose uptake favorably influences left ventricular (LV) contractile performance in heart failure remains uncertain. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a naturally occurring incretin with potent insulinotropic effects the action of(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1[7-36] amide) stimulates myocardial glucose uptake in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) independent of an insulinotropic effect. The cellular mechanisms of GLP-1-induced myocardial glucose uptake are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Myocardial substrates and glucoregulatory hormones were measured in(More)
The goal of this investigation was to determine the distribution of myocardial apoptosis in myocytes and nonmyocytes in primates and patients with heart failure (HF). Almost all clinical cardiologists and cardiovascular investigators believe that myocyte apoptosis is considered to be a cardinal sign of HF and a major factor in its pathogenesis. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Our hypothesis was that the changes in vascular properties responsible for aortic stiffness with aging would be greater in old male monkeys than old female monkeys. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed the effects of gender differences in aging on in vivo measurements of aortic pressure and diameter and on extracellular matrix of the thoracic aorta(More)
Decreased cardiac contractility is a central feature of systolic heart failure. Existing drugs increase cardiac contractility indirectly through signaling cascades but are limited by their mechanism-related adverse effects. To avoid these limitations, we previously developed omecamtiv mecarbil, a small-molecule, direct activator of cardiac myosin. Here, we(More)
We have recently demonstrated the benefits of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in enhancing regional and global myocardial function after reperfusion in the clinical setting of acute myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that GLP-1 facilitates recovery from myocardial stunning after an ischemic event. To investigate this, we administered GLP-1 (1.5(More)
Whether endogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a role in heart failure is unclear. Seven dogs were instrumented with left ventricular (LV) pressure gauges, pacers, coronary occluder and aortic, atrial, and coronary sinus catheters. Hemodynamic recordings and response to alpha-CGRP challenge were obtained for baseline in the conscious state.(More)
We examined the effects of gender and aging on cardiac and peripheral hemodynamic responses to beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation in young (male = 5.9 +/- 0.4 yr old and female = 6.5 +/- 0.7 yr old) and old (male = 19.8 +/- 0.7 yr old and female = 21.2 +/- 0.2 yr old) conscious monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), chronically instrumented for(More)