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Cell wall biosynthesis is indispensable for pollen tube growth. Despite its importance to sexual reproduction, the molecular mechanisms of pollen tube wall biosynthesis remain poorly understood. Here, we report functional characterization of two putative Arabidopsis galacturonosyltransferase genes, GAUT13 and GAUT14, which are essential for pollen tube(More)
Endocytosis of vitellogenin by isolated follicles of Hyalophora cecropia terminated after membrane-permeable analogs of cAMP or cGMP were added to the culture medium. Depending on the concentration of the analog, a lag period of 30 min to 3 h preceded termination. Forskolin and IBMX both stimulated a rise in endogenous cAMP, and this also induced(More)
(1) In homogenates of vitellogenic follicles from Hyalophora cecropia, cyclic nucleotides promoted the transfer of label from [gamma32P]-ATP to at least four polypeptides. PKI (6-20) amide, an inhibitor of PKA (cAMP-dependent protein kinase), prevented all four reactions. Quantitative tests using kemptide as a substrate indicated that 80% of the total(More)
The seasonal change of free abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and their relationship with the cambial activity in Eucommia ulmoides trees were investigated by ABA and IAA immunolocalization using primary polyclonal and rhodamine-red fluorescing secondary antibodies, ABA and IAA quantification using high performance liquid chromatography(More)
The ion physiology of osmotic swelling and a consequent loss of epithelial patency was examined in the ovaries of the moth Hyalophora cecropia. After 30 min in the presence of an activator of cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), the membrane potentials of both oocyte and follicle cells had hyperpolarized by approximately 30 %, cytoplasmic pH had(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiae, Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata and Rhizoma Anemarrhena on nitric oxide (NO) system of heart, liver, intestine, lung, kidney and serum in mice with endotoxemia, and to explore the potential molecular mechanism of the three kinds of traditional Chinese drugs. METHODS Model mice of(More)
Ovarian follicles of Hyalophora cecropia stopped accumulating [35S]vitellogenin when incubated in pertussis toxin, a Gi protein inactivator. At a cellular level, the responses to pertusis toxin resembled those described earlier to cell-permeant analogs of cyclic AMP. They included accelerated 36Cl-exchange, 86Rb+ uptake, and follicle cell swelling, which in(More)
This article reviews recent advances in apoptosis on the pathway inducing cancer cell to death, including Bcl-2 family pathway, NF-kappa B pathway, P13K/Akt pathway, Rb gene and p53 gene, especially the targets of anticancer drug in these pathways. It could be useful for the anticancer drug design and estimate. Furthermore, those cancer/testis antigen gene(More)
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