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Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are widely used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus; however, their use is complicated by systemic fluid retention. Along the nephron, the pharmacological target of TZDs, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma, encoded by Pparg), is most abundant in the collecting duct. Here we show that mice treated with TZDs(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial activation is implicated in atherogenesis and diabetes. The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta) in endothelial activation remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of PPAR-delta and the mechanism involved. METHODS AND RESULTS In human umbilical vein(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs): Novel therapeutic targets in renal disease. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors. PPARs play an important role in the general transcriptional control of numerous cellular processes, including(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear transcription factors and play a central role in insulin sensitivity, lipid metabolism, and inflammation. Both PPARalpha and -gamma are expressed in the kidney, and their agonists exhibit renoprotective effects in type 2 diabetes. In the present studies, we investigated the effect of the(More)
Macula densa (MD) cells express COX-2 and COX-2-derived PGs appear to signal the release of renin from the renal juxtaglomerular apparatus, especially during volume depletion. However, the synthetic machinery and identity of the specific prostanoid released from intact MD cells remains uncertain. In the present studies, a novel biosensor tool was engineered(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy associated with infertility and metabolic disorder in women of reproductive age. Dysfunction of adipose tissue has been implicated in the pathophysiology of PCOS. Increasing evidence shows that the dysregulated expression of adipokines, the secreted products of adipose tissue, plays an(More)
PGF(2alpha) is the most abundant prostaglandin detected in urine; however, its renal effects are poorly characterized. The present study cloned a PGF-prostanoid receptor (FP) from the rabbit kidney and determined the functional consequences of its activation. Nuclease protection assay showed that FP mRNA expression predominates in rabbit ovary and kidney.(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated nuclear receptors controlling many important physiological processes, including lipid and glucose metabolism, energy homeostasis, inflammation, as well as cell proliferation and differentiation. In the past decade, intensive study of PPARs has shed novel insight into prevention and(More)
PGF(2alpha) is one of the major prostanoids produced by the kidney. The cellular effects of PGF(2alpha) are mediated by a G protein-coupled transmembrane receptor designated the FP receptor. Both in situ hybridization and beta-galactosidase knocked into the endogenous FP locus were used to determine the cellular distribution of the mouse FP receptor.(More)
In experimental glomerulonephritis, inhibition of renal prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) moderates proteinuria, yet can induce harmful effects on renal blood flow and Na+ - K+ - water balance thereby implicating 1 or more prostanoid receptor subtypes. We investigated the role of the PGE2 EP1 receptor in nephritis(More)