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The effects of inoculum density, aeration volume and culture period on accumulation of biomass and secondary metabolites in adventitious roots of Hypericum perforatum in balloon type airlift bioreactors (3 l capacity) were investigated. The greatest increment of biomass as well as metabolite content occurred at an inoculum density of 3 g l(-1) and an(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans excretes a dauer pheromone or daumone composed of ascarylose and a fatty acid side chain, the perception of which enables worms to enter the dauer state for long-term survival in an adverse environment. During the course of elucidation of the daumone biosynthetic pathway in which DHS-28 and DAF-22 are involved in peroxisomal(More)
Dauer pheromones or daumones, which are signaling molecules that interrupt development and reproduction (dauer larvae) during unfavorable growth conditions, are essential for cellular homeostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans. According to earlier studies, dauer larva formation in strain N2 is enhanced by a temperature increase, suggesting the involvement of a(More)
To investigate the relationship between the production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and metabolic changes during different growth phases, a non-sterile batch fermentation process involving an alkalophilic and halophilic bacterium, Halomonas sp. KM-1, was used. Intracellular metabolites were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to(More)
In the presence of d-glucose, consumption of pentoses such as d-xylose is somewhat repressed by most bacteria. However, in Halomonas sp. KM-1, simultaneous utilization of a pure hexose and pentose for growth and PHB production has been observed. Moreover, this strain has been shown to preferentially utilize d-xylose from a mixture of hexose and pentose. In(More)
The chicken embryo has been well used in studies of the developmental process, and during development sphingosine and sphingosine 1-phosphate (So1P) are considered critical mediators of cell death and survival. In this study, we compared the sphingolipid contents of chicken embryos during the early embryonic development period from day 3 to day 6. HPLC(More)
An efficient enrichment method using immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) was developed for selective extraction of bioactive sphingoid base-1-phosphates (SB1Ps) from adventitious roots of Hypericum perforatum cultured in bioreactor. The phosphate-selective IMAC enrichment coupled with LC-MS/MS enabled sensitive analysis of low-abundance SB1Ps(More)
A robust and convenient sheathless CE/ESI-MS interface realized with an ionophore membrane-packed electro-conduction channel is described. Sheathless interfaces that may provide higher sensitivity for MS detection than sheath flow-supported interfaces generally show instability and short lifetimes due to their imperfection in making an electrical contact(More)
D-erythro-Sphingosine is known to be phosphorylated by sphingosine kinase to yield sphingosine-1-phosphate. With the importance of sphingosine-1-phosphate in biological functions being made evident by recent research, a selective and convenient method of assay to measure sphingosine kinase activity is required. Here we developed a new sphingosine kinase(More)
Activation of Sphingosine kinase (Sphk) increases a bioactive lipid, sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and has been observed in a variety of cancer cells. Therefore, inhibition of Sphk activity was an important target for the development of anticancer drugs. As a searching tool for Sphk inhibitor, we developed fluorescent Sphk activity assay combined with high(More)
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