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Although tolerance to midazolam is sometimes described in the palliative care literature, no studies have systemically examined the possibility. To explore the association between midazolam dose for symptom palliation and the administration period, a retrospective study was performed on 62 terminally ill cancer patients who required parenteral midazolam in(More)
The maintenance of intellectual activity is an important area in the "good death" concept. To clarify the communication capacity levels of terminally ill cancer patients in their final week, and to identify factors contributing to the development of communication capacity impairment and agitated delirium, a retrospective study was performed on 284(More)
Delirium is a common complication in terminally ill cancer patients. Identification of underlying pathologies and prediction of clinical features may improve effective symptom alleviation. This study aims to clarify precipitating factors and their associations with clinical features of terminal delirium. Consecutive hospice inpatients who developed delirium(More)
While a sensation of thirst causes severe distress for a certain proportion of cancer patients in the terminal stage, the factors contributing to this symptom have not been established. To clarify the association between sensation of thirst and medical factors, especially dehydration, a cross-sectional observational study was performed on terminally ill(More)
Although the dehydration–rehydration problem in end-of-life care is one of the most important issues, clinical indications of hydration therapy have not been clarified because the pathophysiology is poorly understood. To explore the physiological changes of fluid status in terminally ill cancer patients, a prospective observational study was performed. We(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium is often a distressing symptom for both patients and their families, and its prevention is important. The primary aim of this study was to clarify the effects of partial opioid substitution and hydration on the occurrence of agitated delirium in the final stage of cancer. METHODS An historical control study on consecutive terminally(More)
Delirium often causes severe distress for terminally ill cancer patients, and treatment of underlying pathologies is important to achieve symptom alleviation. Although accumulation of morphine metabolites may play an important role in development of delirium, empirical findings are conflicting due to a large inter-individual variation in morphine-related(More)