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In this report, a genome-scale reconstruction of Bacillus subtilis metabolism and its iterative development based on the combination of genomic, biochemical, and physiological information and high-throughput phenotyping experiments is presented. The initial reconstruction was converted into an in silico model and expanded in a four-step iterative fashion.(More)
This study assessed the usability of effluent water discharged from a secondary municipal wastewater treatment plant for mass cultivation of microalgae for biofuel production. It was observed that bacteria and protozoa in the effluent water exerted a negative impact on the growth of Chlorella sp. 227. To reduce the effect, filtration or UV-radiation were(More)
Molecular methods were employed to investigate the microbial community of a biofilm obtained from a thermophilic trickling biofilter reactor (TBR) that was operated long-term to produce H(2). Biomass concentration in the TBR gradually decreased as reactor bed height increased. Despite this difference in biomass concentration, samples from the bottom and(More)
The improvement of H2 production capabilities of hydrogen (H2)-producing microorganisms is a challenging issue. Microorganisms have evolved for fast growth and substrate utilization rather than H2 production. To develop good H2-producing biocatalysts, many studies have focused on the redirection and/or reconstruction of cellular metabolisms. These studies(More)
Two freshwater microalgae including Chlamydomonas mexicana and Scenedesmus obliquus were grown on Bold Basal Medium (BBM) with different levels of salinity up to 100 mM NaCl. The dry biomass and lipid content of microalgae were improved as the concentration of NaCl increased from 0 to 25 mM. Highest dry weight (0.8 and 0.65 g/L) and lipid content (37 and 34(More)
In order to reduce input cost for microalgal cultivation, we investigated the feasibility of wastewater taken from a municipal WWTP in Busan, Korea as wastewater nutrients. The wastewaters used in this study were the effluent from a primary settling tank (PS), the effluent from an anaerobic digestion tank (AD), the conflux of wastewaters rejected from(More)
In microalgae-based biorefinement, one of the highest practical priorities is to reduce the costs of downstream processes. As one potential solution, microalgae harvesting by organoclays has received particularly keen research interest. In the present study, cationic charged aluminum- and magnesium-backboned organoclays were synthesized and solubilized in(More)
The consumption of energy and resources such as water in the cultivation and harvesting steps should be minimized to reduce the overall cost of biodiesel production from microalgae. Here we present a biocompatible and rapid magnetophoretic harvesting process of oleaginous microalgae by using chitosan-Fe3O4 nanoparticle composites. Over 99% of microalgae was(More)
BACKGROUND Empty fruit bunch (EFB) has many advantages, including its abundance, the fact that it does not require collection, and its year-round availability as a feedstock for bioethanol production. But before the significant costs incurred in ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass can be reduced, an efficient sugar fractionation technology has(More)