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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The purpose of this study was to investigate the basis of the optimal hydration status for cryopreservation of intermediate oily seeds using Citrus as a model. METHODS The relationships between equilibrium relative humidity (RH), seed water content, presence of freezable water as determined by DSC analysis, and germination percentage(More)
Oxidative stress due to excessive reactive species (RS) and weakened antioxidant defenses is causally associated with inflammation and inflammatory mediators. To investigate the effects of the major fish oil ingredients, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), on oxidative stress-related inflammatory status, we conducted in vitro(More)
Recent evidence strongly suggests that oxidative stress due to redox imbalance is causally associated with inflammatory processes and various diseases including diabetes. We examined the effects of proanthocyanidin from persimmon peel, using both oligomers and polymers, against oxidative stress with elucidation of the underlying mechanisms in(More)
Ginsenoside Rd is a primary constituent of the ginseng rhizome and has been shown to participate in the regulation of diabetes and in tumor formation. Reports also show that ginsenoside Rd exerts anti-oxidative effects by activating anti-oxidant enzymes. Treatment with ginsenoside Rd decreased nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lipopolysaccharides(More)
As a part of an ongoing project searching for new skin-lightening agents, the inhibitory property of 6-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-naphthol (HPN) on melanogenesis was investigated. The inhibitory action of HPN (IC(50)=15.2 muM) on mushroom tyrosinase was revealed. To further explore the action of HPN on melanogenesis, the inhibition of tyrosinase and melanin levels(More)
Energy restriction (ER) and dietary fish oil (FO) are known to reduce the severity of glomerulonephritis and increase the lifespan of lupus-prone (NZB x NZW) F1 (B/W) mice. In the present study, mice were fed either ad libitum or energy-restricted (a 40 % lower energy intake than the diet ad libitum), semi-purified diets containing 5 % maize oil or 5 % fish(More)
Oxidative stress caused by excessive reactive species (RS) and lipid peroxidation is known to be casually linked to age-related inflammation. To test the hypothesis that fish oil (FO) intake has a beneficial effect on nephritis due to its suppressive action of oxidative stress and the enhancement of antioxidant defenses, we examined the effect of dietary FO(More)
In our efforts to find new skin lightening agents, piceatannol (PICE) was investigated for its antioxidative property and ability to inhibit melanogenesis. In this study, PICE's effect on inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase, and tyrosinase inhibiting activity and melanin content were assessed utilizing the B16F10 melanoma cell (B16 cell) culture system.(More)
3,4-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3,4-DHAP) was evaluated for antimelanogenic activity. The tyrosinase inhibitory action by 3,4-DHAP using mushroom tyrosinase revealed a strong inhibitory effect. To further explore this matter, inhibition of tyrosinase and melanin content was measured in B16 melanoma cells (B16 cells). Further, tyrosinase and microphthalmia(More)
Inflammation, inflammatory mediators, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) are all influenced by age-related oxidative status. To investigate the effect of dietary fish oil (FO) and calorie restriction (CR) on oxidative stress-related inflammatory status with age, (NZB/NZW) F1 (B/W) mice were fed for 4 and 9 months either ad libitum or(More)