You Jung Kim

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The purpose of this study was to investigate the basis of the optimal hydration status for cryopreservation of intermediate oily seeds using Citrus as a model. METHODS The relationships between equilibrium relative humidity (RH), seed water content, presence of freezable water as determined by DSC analysis, and germination percentage(More)
Ginsenoside Rd is a primary constituent of the ginseng rhizome and has been shown to participate in the regulation of diabetes and in tumor formation. Reports also show that ginsenoside Rd exerts anti-oxidative effects by activating anti-oxidant enzymes. Treatment with ginsenoside Rd decreased nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lipopolysaccharides(More)
Recent evidence strongly suggests that oxidative stress due to redox imbalance is causally associated with inflammatory processes and various diseases including diabetes. We examined the effects of proanthocyanidin from persimmon peel, using both oligomers and polymers, against oxidative stress with elucidation of the underlying mechanisms in(More)
Pycnogenol is a natural plant extract from pine bark that contains compounds that have anti-oxidative, free-radical scavenging properties. In this work, utilizing cultured B16 melanoma cells (B16 cells), pycnogenol was investigated for its ability to inhibit tyrosinase activity and melanin biosynthesis. We also examined the anti-oxidative power of(More)
3,4-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3,4-DHAP) was evaluated for antimelanogenic activity. The tyrosinase inhibitory action by 3,4-DHAP using mushroom tyrosinase revealed a strong inhibitory effect. To further explore this matter, inhibition of tyrosinase and melanin content was measured in B16 melanoma cells (B16 cells). Further, tyrosinase and microphthalmia(More)
In our efforts to find new skin lightening agents, piceatannol (PICE) was investigated for its antioxidative property and ability to inhibit melanogenesis. In this study, PICE's effect on inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase, and tyrosinase inhibiting activity and melanin content were assessed utilizing the B16F10 melanoma cell (B16 cell) culture system.(More)
To investigate effects of aging on adhesion molecules (AMs), the present study assessed the expressions of aortic P-selectin and vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in young (6-month-old) and old (24-month-old) Fischer 344 rats fed ad libitum (AL) or calorie-restricted diets. Results showed increased levels of aortic P-selectin and VCAM-1 in the old AL(More)
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with powerful antioxidant properties that exists naturally in various plants, algae, and seafood. The purpose of the present study is to examine the protective action of astaxanthin against high-glucose-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). To assess the efficacy of(More)
Oxidative stress due to excessive reactive species (RS) and weakened antioxidant defenses is causally associated with inflammation and inflammatory mediators. To investigate the effects of the major fish oil ingredients, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), on oxidative stress-related inflammatory status, we conducted in vitro(More)
The color of mammalian skin is determined by many factors, for which visible ones are the degree and distribution of melanin pigmentation. Because tyrosinase, (polyphenol oxidase) is the key enzyme for melanin biosynthesis, the use of various tyrosinase inhibitors is a common practice for whitening purpose in cosmetics. In the present study, the inhibition(More)