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Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is a key compound in global sulfur and carbon cycles. DMS oxidation products cause cloud nucleation and may affect weather and climate. DMS is generated largely by bacterial catabolism of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a secondary metabolite made by marine algae. We demonstrate that the bacterial gene dddD is required for this(More)
Three-component borehole seismic profiling of the recently active Oroville, California, normal fault and microearthquake event recording with a near-fault three-component borehole seismometer on the San Andreas fault at Parkfield, California, have shown numerous instances of pronounced dispersive wave trains following the shear wave arrivals. These wave(More)
Using Tn5-sacB insertion mutagenesis, 3000 mutants were obtained from Mesorhizobium huakuii 7653R. Eight nodulation-defective mutants were screened by plant nodulation experiments. The DNA sequences of the contiguous region from the Tn5 insertion site were determined by thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR. A new gene was cloned and designated opa22, as judged(More)
It is shown that a very simple semiempirical equation represents quite accurately the thermodynamic properties of aqueous sodium chloride from 373 to 823 K. The equation comprises one Margules term and a Debye-Hückel term. Just the one Margules parameter is freely adjustable because the Debye-Hückel parameter is determined by the properties of water. The(More)
A method of gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 20 pyrethroid residues in vegetable foods. The samples were extracted by acetone-n-hexane (1:1, v/v), cleaned up by activated charcoal column and quantified by external standard method. The correlation coefficients (r2) of all the 20(More)
Observations and modeling of 3- to 6-hertz seismic shear waves trapped within the fault zone of the 1992 Landers earthquake series allow the fine structure and continuity of the zone to be evaluated. The fault, to a depth of at least 12 kilometers, is marked by a zone 100 to 200 meters wide where shear velocity is reduced by 30 to 50 percent. This zone(More)
Semiempirical equations are developed that represent the behavior of dilute solutions of NaCl in water (steam) in the range 723-823 K where ion pairing is extensive. This supplements the equations given earlier for more concentrated solutions. In this temperature range the system NaCl/H(2)O shows critical behavior with two phases below the critical(More)
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