Yosuke Yamada

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Enhanced echo intensity (EI) on an ultrasound image of skeletal muscle indicates changes in muscle quality, including increases in intramuscular fibrous and adipose tissues. However, it is not known whether muscle quality assessed from the EI of computer-aided gray-scale analysis of an ultrasound image is associated with the muscle strength or body(More)
This study evaluated the validity of the total energy expenditure (TEE) estimated using uniaxial (ACCuni) and triaxial (ACCtri) accelerometers in the elderly. Thirty-two healthy elderly (64–87 years) participated in this study. TEE was measured using the doubly labeled water (DLW) method (TEEDLW). TEEACCuni (6.79 ± 1.08 MJ day−1) was significantly lower(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that loss of muscle mass (quantitative change) is a major change that occurs with aging. Qualitative changes in skeletal muscle, such as increased intramuscular fat, also occur as one ages. Enhanced echo intensity (EI) on ultrasonography images of skeletal muscle is believed to reflect muscle quality. Recent studies evaluating(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the energy expenditure (EE) of a sit-to-stand (STS) movement using a recently developed method and to examine the relationship between physical characteristics and the physiological demands of STS. Nineteen participants completed a multi-stage test at different STS frequencies of 6, 10, 15, 20 and 30 repetitions per(More)
Melanotic or melanocytic medulloblastoma is a rare variant of medulloblastoma, especially when the tumor shows advanced neuronal differentiation. We report a case of this tumor, which developed in the cerebellar vermis in an 8-year-old girl. Initial biopsy specimens were identified as classical medulloblastoma with a high MIB1 index. Surgical removal of the(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle tissue holds a large volume of water partitioned into extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW) fractions. As the ECW may not be related to muscle strength directly, we hypothesized that excluding ECW from muscle volume would strengthen the correlation with muscle strength. METHODS A total of 119 healthy men aged(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that decrease in cerebral oxygenation compromises an individual's ability to respond to peripheral visual stimuli during exercise. We measured the simple reaction time (RT) to peripheral visual stimuli at rest and during and after cycling at three different workloads [40%, 60%, and 80% peak oxygen uptake(More)
Family A DNA polymerase (K4PolI) from Thermotoga petrophila K4 was obtained as a recombinant form, and the enzyme characteristics were analyzed. K4PolI showed thermostable DNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity with 3'-5' exonuclease activity but no detectable RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity. Its tertiary structure was speculated by in silico modeling(More)
This study tested whether cerebral oxygenation affects cognitive function during exercise. We measured reaction times (RT) of 12 participants while they performed a modified version of the Eriksen flanker task, at rest and while cycling. In the exercise condition, participants performed the cognitive task at rest and while cycling at three workloads [40,(More)
BACKGROUND Online or Web-based measurement systems have been proposed as convenient methods for collecting physical activity data. We developed two Web-based physical activity systems-the 24-hour Physical Activity Record Web (24hPAR WEB) and 7 days Recall Web (7daysRecall WEB). OBJECTIVE To examine the validity of two Web-based physical activity(More)