Yosuke Watanabe

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OBJECTIVES Triglycerides-rich lipoproteins are related to residual cardiovascular risk in patients on lipid-lowering treatment who achieve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals. This study examined the predictive value of remnant lipoprotein levels for cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with LDL-C levels(More)
Electric stimulation at the nodulus and uvula of the cerebellum with a train of 5-10 pulses caused a marked depression of the renal sympathetic nerve activity. The effective sites were located in a small lateral region extending through the dorsal nodulus and encroaching the ventral uvula, at 2.9-3.7 mm lateral to the midline. The depression occurred(More)
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a cytosolic enzyme that regulates diverse cellular function by removal of GSH adducts from S-glutathionylated proteins including signaling molecules and transcription factors. Glrx is up-regulated during inflammation and diabetes, and Glrx overexpression inhibits VEGF-induced EC migration. The aim was to investigate the role of(More)
OBJECTIVES MIF is proatherogenic and is highly expressed in unstable atherosclerotic plaques. Circulating levels of MIF are increased in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus (IGT/T2DM). We examined whether high circulating levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) are related to increased risk of future coronary(More)
BACKGROUND It remains undefined whether reversibility of endothelial dysfunction after optimized therapies for heart failure (HF) provides prognostic information in patients with HF. This study examined whether changes in endothelial vasomotor function after therapies for HF may predict future outcomes in patients with stable HF. METHODS This study(More)
Amino acid (AA) administration can stimulate heat accumulation in the body, as especially found under anesthetic conditions. To test our hypothesis that marked rise in plasma insulin concentrations following AA administration plays an important role in the heat storage, we intravenously administered either a balanced AA mixture or saline over 3 h, both with(More)
Secreted mammalian Ly6/urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-related protein-1 (SLURP-1) is a recently identified, endogenous ligand of the alpha7 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. SLURP-1 is also the causative gene for an autosomal recessive palmoplantar keratoderma, Mal de Meleda. Although the function of SLURP-1 in keratinocyte development(More)
AIMS Chronic depletion of myocardial glutathione (GSH) may play a role in cardiac remodelling and dysfunction. This study examined the relationship between chronic GSH depletion and cardiac failure induced by pressure overload in mice lacking the modifier subunit (GCLM) of glutamate-cysteine ligase, the rate-limiting enzyme for GSH synthesis. In addition,(More)
The role of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) expressed in infarcted myocardium is unknown in humans. We examined whether SDF-1α produced in an infarcted myocardial lesion may play a role in left ventricle (LV) remodeling and dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We measured SDF-1α levels in plasma obtained from aortic root(More)
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) plays a critical role in the genesis of lung inflammation through proinflammatory eicosanoids. A previous in vitro experiment showed a possible role of cell surface receptor for sPLA2 (PLA2R) in the clearance of extracellular sPLA2. PLA2R and groups IB and X sPLA2 are expressed in the lung. This study examined a pathogenic(More)