Yosuke Watanabe

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The authors present a case of a subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SGCA) not associated with tuberous sclerosis. On admission, a six-year-old boy had obstructive hydrocephalus caused by a huge intraventricular tumor. Preoperative T1-weighted MR images with gadolinium showed heterogeneous enhancement of the lesion. The tumor was totally removed through a(More)
Diffuse brainstem glioma has a poor prognosis, and there are few long-term survivors. We looked for clinical, conventional magnetic resonance (MR), and MR spectroscopic (MRS) findings predictive of the prognosis of patients with brainstem glioma. Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study of 23 patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine(More)
Secreted mammalian Ly6/urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-related protein-1 (SLURP-1) is a recently identified, endogenous ligand of the alpha7 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. SLURP-1 is also the causative gene for an autosomal recessive palmoplantar keratoderma, Mal de Meleda. Although the function of SLURP-1 in keratinocyte development(More)
Slingshot-1 (SSH1), a member of a dual-specificity protein phosphatase family, regulates actin dynamics by dephosphorylating and reactivating cofilin, an actin-depolymerizing factor. SSH1 has the SSH family-specific, N-terminal, noncatalytic (SSH-N) domain, consisting of the A and B subdomains. SSH1 is activated by binding to actin filaments. In this study,(More)
Phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes 15 kDa (PEA-15) is a multifunctional protein that was first identified in brain astrocytes and that has subsequently been shown to be expressed in different tissues. Despite its many important roles, the clinical significance of PEA-15 expression levels in astrocytic tumors has yet to be properly defined. We studied the(More)
Patients with severe neurological impairment requiring tube feeding may have concomitant hydrocephalus. Coplacement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is currently standard in such cases. The present study investigated the risk factors for shunt infection in such patients. The medical records of 23 patients(More)
We report a 48-year-old woman with primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) histologically diagnosed as gliosarcoma. She was admitted complaining of headache, numbness of the right arm, double vision, and visual field defects. Computerized tomography (CT) scans showed ventricular dilatation consistent with communicating hydrocephalus. Magnetic(More)
AIMS Phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R) has multiple biological functions other than functioning as a receptor for secretory PLA2s. Two nonsynonymous polymorphisms in the C-type lectin-like domains (CTLD) 1 of PLA2R gene have been associated with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. This study examined whether the same PLA2R polymorphisms may alter functions(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is implicated in increased vascular permeability associated with metabolic disorders, but the underlying redox mechanism is poorly defined. S-glutathionylation, a stable adduct of glutathione with protein sulfhydryl, is a reversible oxidative modification of protein and is emerging as an important redox signaling paradigm in(More)