Yosuke Watanabe

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Measurement of either flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), or intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery is useful for risk assessment of future cardiovascular events. This study examined whether combination of these vascular parameters may(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined whether combined ultrasound assessment of plaque size and echolucency in the carotid artery had an additive effect for predicting coronary events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Ultrasound assessment of either plaque size or echolucency of carotid artery provides prognostic information on coronary events.(More)
Group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)α), which preferentially cleaves arachidonic acid from phospholipids, plays a role in apoptosis and tissue injury. Downstream signals in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a mediator of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, involve cPLA(2)α activation. This study examined the potential role of(More)
Group X secretory PLA(2) (sPLA(2)-X) is expressed in neutrophils and plays a role in the pathogenesis of neutrophil-mediated tissue inflammation and injury. This study tested the hypothesis that sPLA(2)-X in neutrophils may contribute to the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using sPLA(2)-X(-/-) mice. AAA was created by application of CaCl(2)(More)
Slingshot-1 (SSH1), a member of a dual-specificity protein phosphatase family, regulates actin dynamics by dephosphorylating and reactivating cofilin, an actin-depolymerizing factor. SSH1 has the SSH family-specific, N-terminal, noncatalytic (SSH-N) domain, consisting of the A and B subdomains. SSH1 is activated by binding to actin filaments. In this study,(More)
Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) plays a critical role in the genesis of lung inflammation through proinflammatory eicosanoids. A previous in vitro experiment showed a possible role of cell surface receptor for sPLA2 (PLA2R) in the clearance of extracellular sPLA2. PLA2R and groups IB and X sPLA2 are expressed in the lung. This study examined a pathogenic(More)
Electric stimulation at the nodulus and uvula of the cerebellum with a train of 5-10 pulses caused a marked depression of the renal sympathetic nerve activity. The effective sites were located in a small lateral region extending through the dorsal nodulus and encroaching the ventral uvula, at 2.9-3.7 mm lateral to the midline. The depression occurred(More)
The role of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) expressed in infarcted myocardium is unknown in humans. We examined whether SDF-1α produced in an infarcted myocardial lesion may play a role in left ventricle (LV) remodeling and dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We measured SDF-1α levels in plasma obtained from aortic root(More)
OBJECTIVES MIF is proatherogenic and is highly expressed in unstable atherosclerotic plaques. Circulating levels of MIF are increased in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus (IGT/T2DM). We examined whether high circulating levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) are related to increased risk of future coronary(More)
OBJECTIVES Triglycerides-rich lipoproteins are related to residual cardiovascular risk in patients on lipid-lowering treatment who achieve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals. This study examined the predictive value of remnant lipoprotein levels for cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with LDL-C levels(More)