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Notch signaling plays a crucial role in the fate determination of cochlear progenitor cells, hair cells, and supporting cells in the developing cochlea. Recent studies have demonstrated the temporal activation of Notch signaling in damaged mature cochleae, and have demonstrated the induction of new hair cells by pharmacologically inhibiting Notch signaling.(More)
CONCLUSION Activation of cortical areas related to visual motion processing and control of eye movement, and deactivation of parieto-insular vestibular cortices (PIVC) were revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with small-field optokinetic stimulation (OKS). The results agreed well with those of previous studies, which indicates that the(More)
HYPOTHESIS Cochlear pathology can be evaluated in living animals using optical coherence tomography (OCT). BACKGROUND The current imaging methods available for the detailed analysis of cochlear pathology in a clinical setting provide only limited information. Thus, a cochlear imaging modality with high definition is needed for improving the diagnosis of(More)
To evaluate whether 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) more accurately predicts the histopathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Sixteen patients with HNSCC underwent FDG-PET/CT and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole ([(18)F]FMISO)-positron emission tomography (PET) prior to the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS Seventeen patients with untreated HNSCC underwent pretreatment [(18)F]FMISO PET. Six of them underwent definitive surgery and the remaining 11 definitive(More)
The authors report a case of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma which was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and proved to achieve pathological CR (complete response) after a radical operation. A 53-year-old female presented with a mass of about 4 cm in diameter arising from the left lobe of her thyroid and surrounding her cervical esophagus.(More)
We report herein two cases of suture granuloma showing focal intense 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG)-uptake in positron emission tomography (PET). Follow-up FDG-PET after surgical intervention for head and neck cancer revealed lesions with high FDG-uptake, which were highly suspected of being a recurrent tumor. The lesions were subjected to(More)
CONCLUSION The use of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) with a visual language task provided objective information on the development and plasticity of cortical language networks. This approach could help individuals involved in the habilitation and education of prelingually deafened children to decide upon the appropriate mode of(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated differential diagnoses of cystic parotid gland lesions and the efficacy of preoperative diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Of 191 parotid gland nodules resected between January 2003 and October 2008, 167 (87%) were benign and 24 (13%) malignant. Thirty-five parotid gland nodules whose components were almost cystic were enrolled in(More)
Malignant external otitis (MEO) is a devastating external auditory canal infection usually occurring in the elderly with diabetes. MEO often progresses to potentially lethal skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) complications such as meningitis or multiple cranial nerve palsies. Poor vascularity in affected tissue due to diabetic microangiopathy and Pseudomonal(More)