Yosuke Taniguchi

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Repair glycosylases locate and excise damaged bases from DNA, playing central roles in preservation of the genome and prevention of disease. Two key glycosylases, Fpg and hOGG1, function to remove the mutagenic oxidized base 8-oxoG (OG) from DNA. To investigate the relative contributions of conformational preferences, leaving group ability, enzyme-base(More)
Triplex-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) are potential DNA-targeting molecules and would become powerful tools for genomic research. As the stabilization of the TFO is partially provided by hydrogen bonds to purine bases, the most stable triplexes form with homopurine/homopyrimidine sequences, and a pyrimidine base in the purine strand of the duplex(More)
Pancreatic β cells secrete insulin in response to glucose levels and thus are involved in controlling blood glucose levels. A line of pancreatic β cells "MIN6" has been used in studies related to the function of β cells and diabetes therapy. Regulating gene expression in MIN6 cells could accelerate these studies, but an efficient method for the transfection(More)
We previously reported that oligodeoxynucleotides containing 2-amino-6-vinylpurine (2-AVP: 1) exhibit efficient selective cross-linking to cytosine. In this study, the 2'-OMe nucleoside analogue (2) of 2-AVP was designed in order to increase its affinity to RNA and enhance metabolic stability. It has been demonstrated that 2'-OMe oligonucleotides bearing 2(More)
The selective detection of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) in DNA without chemical or enzymatic treatment is an attractive tool for genomic research. We designed and synthesized the non-natural nucleoside analogue, the adenosine-1,3-diazaphenoxazine (Adap) derivative, for selective recognition of 8-oxo-dG in DNA. This study clearly showed that Adap has a(More)
We have previously reported that the 2-amino-6-vinylpurine (AVP) nucleoside exhibits a highly efficient and selective crosslinking reaction toward cytosine and displayed an improved antisense inhibition in cultured cells. In this study, we further investigated the alkyl-connected AVP nucleoside analogs for more efficient crosslinking to the cytosine base(More)
We have recently reported that Adap (adenosine-1,3-diazaphenoxazine) is an artificial nucleoside analogue for the specific recognition by multiple hydrogen bonding and that its fluorescence is selectively quenched with 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) in DNA. We now report the development of a new OFF-to-ON type FRET probe, in which one strand contains(More)
The 8-oxoG-clamp, a specific fluorescent probe for 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG), was incorporated into the oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) within or at the 3'-end of the purine and the pyrimidine sequences. Based on the UV-melting temperature, the 8-oxoG-clamp showed slightly lower stabilizing effects on the duplexes containing 8-oxo-dG at the complementary(More)
BACKGROUND A low eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio is known to be associated with cardiovascular events. However, the relationship between the EPA/AA ratio and coronary plaque vulnerability assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) has not been examined thoroughly. This study examined the relationship between the EPA/AA ratio and(More)
Efficient methods for the covalent modification of large RNA molecules should find significance utility as innovative biological tools as well as therapeutic methods. In this study, the development of a general method for site-specific RNA modification guided by the functional ODN template has been investigated. The ODN probe containing 6-thioguanosine was(More)