Yosuke Shimizu

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BACKGROUND Genetic factors, as well as a combination of environmental factors, contribute to the risk of prostate cancer (PC). Recently, genome-wide linkage studies found several independent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are strongly associated with PC on chromosome 8q24. METHODS We analyzed two of these SNPs, rs1447295 and rs6983267, to(More)
It is generally accepted that both dysfunction of the Wnt signaling pathway, including mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and beta-catenin genes, and genetic instability play important roles in colorectal carcinogenesis. However, alteration of the components in the Wnt signaling pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC) with microsatellite(More)
Gh plays important roles in development, somatic growth and gametogenesis in vertebrates. To determine the physiological role of Gh in reproduction in male teleosts, the expression of genes encoding Gh and the two Gh receptors (Ghrs) during spermatogenesis, and the action of Gh in vitro was examined using the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). gh, ghr1 and(More)
Several lines of evidence show that the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) requires an accumulation of genetic alterations. However, molecular mechanism in HCC carcinogenesis remains unsolved. A total of 89 HCC samples were analyzed in this study to determine how alterations in the Wnt signaling pathway associate with the carcinogenesis of HCC.(More)
PURPOSE The adenoma-carcinoma sequence theory is accepted in carcinogenesis of colorectal carcinoma. To elucidate the nature and genetic alterations in colorectal mucinous carcinoma (MC), we analyzed clinical and pathological characteristics of colorectal MC and nonmucinous carcinoma (NMC), and, furthermore, we compared the prognoses and the statuses of the(More)
It is important to discriminate between primary and secondary lung cancer. However, often, the discriminating diagnosis of primary lung acinar adenocarcinoma and lung metastasis of colorectal cancer based on morphological and pathological findings is difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of immunohistochemistry of(More)
A cell line that we designed, AILNCaP, proliferated in androgen-depleted medium after emerging from long-term androgen-depleted cultures of an androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP. Using this cell line as a model of progression to androgen independence, we demonstrated that the activity of the mammalian target of rapamycin/p70 S6 kinase(More)
We and others previously showed that signaling through cSrc or atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) pathway regulates the proliferation of prostate cancer cells and is associated with their progression to castrate-resistance in vivo. However, the interrelation of these two kinases has been largely unexplored. In the present study, we show that androgen-induced(More)
Recent studies suggest that SIPA1 encoding a Rap GTPase-activating protein SPA-1 is a candidate metastasis efficiency-modifying gene in human breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression and function of SPA-1 in human prostate cancer (CaP). Immunohistochemical studies of tumor specimens from CaP patients revealed a positive correlation of(More)
Parathyroid adenomas are benign uniglandular tumors and are the most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Several genetic changes in parathyroid tumors, including inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, activation of oncogenes and loss of heterozygosity at several chromosomal loci, have been reported. In this study, we analyzed the status of cyclin(More)