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Extracellular matrix molecule chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are highly upregulated in scar tissues and form a potent chemical barrier for CNS axon regeneration. Recent studies support that the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase σ (PTPσ) and its subfamily member leukocyte common antigen related phosphatase (LAR) act as transmembrane receptors(More)
The effect of an aureolic acid, mithramycin (MTM) on multidrug resistance (MDR) was investigated. At a concentration of 0.02--0.1 mg/ml (about 20--90 microM), MTM repressed MDR1 gene transcription of SBC-3/ADM, a MDR-phenotype subline derived from human small cell lung tumor. Under the same conditions, another aureolic acid, chromomycin A3, showed potent(More)
Abnormal phosphorylation and toxicity of a microtubule-associated protein tau are involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, what pathological conditions trigger tau abnormality in AD is not fully understood. A reduction in the number of mitochondria in the axon has been implicated in AD. In this study, we investigated whether and(More)
Abnormal accumulation of the microtubule-interacting protein tau is associated with neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). β-amyloid (Aβ) lies upstream of abnormal tau behavior, including detachment from microtubules, phosphorylation at several disease-specific sites, and self-aggregation into toxic tau species in AD brains. To(More)
Knockout studies suggest that PTEN limits the regenerative capacities of CNS axons as a dominant antagonist of PI3 kinase, but the transgenic approach is not feasible for treating patients. Although application of bisperoxovanadium may block PTEN function, it is a general inhibitor of phosphotyrosine phosphatases and may target enzymes other than PTEN,(More)
The PTEN/MMAC1/TEP1 tumor-suppressor gene, which maps to chromosome 10q23.3, is mutated and homozygously deleted in a variety of human tumors, including endometrioid-type ovarian tumors. We examined 33 primary ovarian cancers and 3 ovarian borderline tumors for allelic imbalance (AI) of the 10q23.3 region using 5 polymorphic markers, including an(More)
In the screening for cisplatin (CDDP)-resistance related genes by a mRNA differential display method, we detected some increased bands in CDDP resistant ovarian tumor cell line 2008/C13*5.25. One of them, named DD9, was a positive fragment on Northern blot analysis. We cloned it as a full length cDNA by 5'RACE and found a novel gene, CRR9 (Cisplatin(More)
To understand the molecular basis for failure of cisplatin (CDDP) based chemotherapy, we compared gene expressions between CDDP sensitive and resistant ovarian tumor cell line, 2008 and 2008/C13*5.25, by mRNA differential display. We detected both up-regulated and down-regulated bands in the resistant cell and found some of them to be positive on Northern(More)
Radiotherapy is a well-established treatment for cancer. However, the existence of radioresistant cells is one of the major obstacles in radiotherapy. In order to understand the mechanism of cellular radioresistance and develop more effective radiotherapy, we have established clinically relevant radioresistant (CRR) cell lines, which continue to proliferate(More)
Recently, three candidate tumor suppressor genes, SMAD2 (MADR2/JV18-1), SMAD4 (DPC4), and DCC, were identified in chromosome band 18q21. We examined allelic imbalance (AI) in 18q21 using six polymorphic microsatellite markers in 38 primary ovarian cancers and four ovarian borderline tumors. AI at one or more loci was detected in 15 of 37 (41%) informative(More)