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Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a dominantly inherited human disorder characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis and mucocutaneous melanin pigmentation. LKB1 (STK11) serine/threonine kinase is the product of the causative gene of PJS, which has been mapped to chromosome 19p13.3. However, several studies have produced results that are not(More)
BACKGROUND Acute pharmacological inhibition of cardiac malonyl coenzyme A decarboxylase (MCD) protects the heart from ischemic damage by inhibiting fatty acid oxidation and stimulating glucose oxidation. However, it is unknown whether chronic inhibition of MCD results in altered cardiac function, energy metabolism, or ischemic cardioprotection. METHODS(More)
Doxorubicin is an anti-tumor agent that represses cardiac-specific gene expression and induces myocardial cell apoptosis. Doxorubicin depletes cardiac p300, a transcriptional coactivator that is required for the maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of cardiac myocytes. However, the role of p300 in protection against doxorubicin-induced apoptosis is(More)
BACKGROUND Germline-specific differential DNA methylation that persists through fertilization and embryonic development is thought to be the 'imprint' distinguishing the parental alleles of imprinted genes. If such methylation is to work as the imprinting mechanism, however, it has to be reprogrammed following each passage through the germline. Previous(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocytes and represents a major process that leads to heart failure. One of the intrinsic histone acetyltransferases, p300, serves as a coactivator of hypertrophy-responsive transcriptional factors such as a cardiac zinc finger protein GATA-4(More)
Atherosclerosis is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation, and upregulation of LOX-1, an endothelial receptor for oxidized LDL (oxLDL). Here, we describe generation of LOX-1 knockout (KO) mice in which binding of oxLDL to aortic endothelium was reduced and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation preserved after treatment with oxLDL (P<0.01 versus(More)
A growing number of DNA polymerases have been identified, although their physiological function and relation to human disease remain mostly unknown. DNA polymerase lambda (Pol lambda; also known as Pol beta2) has recently been identified as a member of the X family of DNA polymerases and shares 32% amino acid sequence identity with DNA Pol beta within the(More)
A variety of stresses on the heart initiate a number of subcellular signaling pathways, which finally reach the nuclei of cardiac myocytes and cause myocyte hypertrophy with heart failure. However, common nuclear pathways that lead to this state are unknown. A zinc finger protein, GATA-4, is one of the transcription factors that mediate changes in gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic ischemia is associated with alterations in genes that result in myocardial remodeling. An important biochemical basis of cardiac remodeling is generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A few studies have suggested that acute ischemia triggers signals for remodeling. We examined the hypothesis that targeted deletion of lectin-like(More)
Microinjection of embryonic stem (ES) cells into mouse blastocysts is one of the most important techniques for production of knockout or transgenic mice. However, skillful manipulation techniques and tremendous effort are required for this method. To overcome this difficulty, we applied a piezo-micromanipulator (PMM), which has been used for(More)