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BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction is associated with hypertrophy of surviving myocytes and represents a major process that leads to heart failure. One of the intrinsic histone acetyltransferases, p300, serves as a coactivator of hypertrophy-responsive transcriptional factors such as a cardiac zinc finger protein GATA-4(More)
BACKGROUND Acute pharmacological inhibition of cardiac malonyl coenzyme A decarboxylase (MCD) protects the heart from ischemic damage by inhibiting fatty acid oxidation and stimulating glucose oxidation. However, it is unknown whether chronic inhibition of MCD results in altered cardiac function, energy metabolism, or ischemic cardioprotection. METHODS(More)
Atherosclerosis is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation, and upregulation of LOX-1, an endothelial receptor for oxidized LDL (oxLDL). Here, we describe generation of LOX-1 knockout (KO) mice in which binding of oxLDL to aortic endothelium was reduced and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation preserved after treatment with oxLDL (P<0.01 versus(More)
Angiotensin II via type 1 receptor activation upregulates the expression of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), and LOX-1 activation, in turn, upregulates angiotensin II type 1 receptor expression. We postulated that interruption of this positive feedback loop might attenuate the genesis of angiotensin II-induced hypertension(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic ischemia is associated with alterations in genes that result in myocardial remodeling. An important biochemical basis of cardiac remodeling is generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). A few studies have suggested that acute ischemia triggers signals for remodeling. We examined the hypothesis that targeted deletion of lectin-like(More)
Dynamic process of apoptosis has not been elucidated in adult rat cardiomyocytes. Soluble Fas ligand (0.1 microg/ml) in the presence of actinomycin D (0.05 microg/ml) induced apoptosis in cultured adult rat cardiomyocytes, as documented by activated caspase-3, DNA fragmentation, and apoptotic ultrastructure. In the present model, we observed 60 adult(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plays a critical role in endochondral ossification through guanylyl cyclase-B (GC-B), a natriuretic peptide receptor subtype. Cartilage-specific overexpression of CNP enhances skeletal growth and rescues the dwarfism in a transgenic achondroplasia model with constitutive active mutation of fibroblast growth factor(More)
We have used homozygous albumin enhancer/promoter-driven urokinase-type plasminogen activator/severe combined immunodeficient (uPA/SCID) mice as hosts for chimeric mice with humanized livers. However, uPA/SCID mice show four disadvantages: the human hepatocytes (h-heps) replacement index in mouse liver is decreased due to deletion of uPA transgene by(More)
Although excessive fructose intake is epidemiologically linked with dyslipidemia, obesity, and diabetes, the mechanisms regulating plasma fructose are not well known. Cells transfected with sodium/glucose cotransporter 5 (SGLT5), which is expressed exclusively in the kidney, transport fructose in vitro; however, the physiological role of this transporter in(More)
For clinical trials of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to be successful, their efficacy needs to be adequately evaluated in preclinical experiments. However, in many cases it is difficult to evaluate the candidate mAbs using animal disease models because of lower cross-reactivity to the orthologous target molecules. In this study we have(More)