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AIM To determine the efficacy and safety of rapid induction therapy with oral tacrolimus without a meal in steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. METHODS This was a prospective, multicenter, observational study. Between May 2010 and August 2012, 49 steroid-refractory UC patients (55 flare-ups) were consecutively enrolled. All patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Detection and removal of adenomas by colonoscopy is an important means for preventing cancer; however, small adenomas may be missed during colonoscopy. The narrow-band imaging (NBI) system clearly enhances the microvasculature in neoplastic lesions, making it appear as a dark complex. Therefore, the NBI system may improve the detection of colonic(More)
OBJECTIVE The calcineurin inhibitor tacrolimus has been shown to be safe and effective as salvage therapy for steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). Since differences in the onset of action between various agents are thought to influence the achievement and maintenance of disease remission, top-down or accelerated step-up therapy with tacrolimus may be(More)
BACKGROUND Proton-pump inhibitors such as omeprazole are a standard treatment to prevent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced upper gastrointestinal mucosal injuries. However, it is unclear which drugs may protect against all NSAID-induced digestive-tract injuries. Here, we compare the efficacy of the gastromucoprotective drug irsogladine with(More)
AIM To assess adalimumab's efficacy with concomitant azathioprine (AZA) for induction and maintenance of clinical remission in Japanese Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHODS This retrospective, observational, single-center study enrolled 28 consecutive CD patients treated with adalimumab (ADA). Mean age and mean disease duration were 38.1 ± 11.8 years(More)
The gut incretin glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and the intestinotropic hormone GLP-2 are released from enteroendocrine L cells in response to ingested nutrients. Treatment with an exogenous GLP-2 analogue increases intestinal villous mass and prevents intestinal injury. Since GLP-2 is rapidly degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), DPP4 inhibition may(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Luminal nutrients stimulate enteroendocrine L cells to release gut hormones, including intestinotrophic glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2). Because L cells express the bile acid receptor TGR5 and dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPPIV) rapidly degrades GLPs, we hypothesized that luminal TGR5 activation may attenuate intestinal injury via GLP-2(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) exhibit an increased risk for the development of cancer of the colon and rectum. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors are known to suppress sporadic colorectal cancer, but it is unknown whether selective COX-2 inhibitors exhibit a preventive effect in UC-associated neoplasia. This study investigated the(More)
Intestinal deformity and stenosis are induced by fibrosis during the process healing of intestinal chronic inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Potent anti-inflammatory treatment of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) may induce fibrous stenosis, and this is often difficult to treat in clinical practice. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a(More)
To examine the mechanism of stress ulcers and the relation between endothelium derived relaxing factor (EDRF)/NO and gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF), we used an isolated perfused rat stomach model and studied the effects of an autonomic nerve activator, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) synthesis, and an EDRF/NO inhibitor on gastric blood circulation. Rats were(More)