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OBJECTIVES We sought to (1) compare estimates of the prevalence of fighting and weapon carrying among adolescent boys and girls in North American and European countries and (2) assess in adolescents from a subgroup of these countries comparative rates of weapon carrying and characteristics of fighting and injury outcomes, with a determination of the(More)
BACKGROUND Violent behavior among adolescents is a significant problem worldwide, and a cross-national comparison of adolescent violent behaviors can provide information about the development and pattern of physical violence in young adolescents. OBJECTIVES To determine and compare frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study used a recent national population survey on childhood and adolescent non-fatal injuries to investigate the effects of recall bias on estimating annual injury rates. Strategies to adjust for recall bias are recommended. METHODS The 1988 Child Health Supplement to the National Health Interview Survey collected 12-month recall(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple risk behavior plays an important role in the social etiology of youth injury, yet the consistency of this observation has not been examined multinationally. OBJECTIVE To examine reports from young people in 12 countries, by country, age group, sex, and injury type, to quantify the strength and consistency of this association. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVES National data are not routinely available regarding the incidence of and associated risk factors for nonfatal injuries in children and youth. The Child Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey provided an opportunity to determine accurate national estimates of childhood injury morbidity by demographic factors, location,(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare estimates of the prevalence of injury among adolescents in 35 countries, and to examine the consistency of associations cross nationally between socioeconomic status then drunkenness and the occurrence of adolescent injury. DESIGN Cross sectional surveys were obtained from national samples of students in 35 countries. Eight countries(More)
B Y ANY TRADITIONAL MEASURE of public health importance, intentional injuries (injuries resulting from interpersonal violence including homicide or self-directed violence including suicide) are among the most important public health problems facing our nation. In 1985, the direct and indirect costs of deaths and hospitalizations resulting from intentional(More)
The primary objective was to present a cross-country comparison of injury rates, contexts and consequences. The research design was the analysis of data from the 1998 cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey and 52955 schoolchildren from 11 countries, aged 11, 13 and 15 years, completed a self-administrated questionnaire. A total of(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate and describe morbidity from sports and recreation injuries in children and adolescents. DESIGN Survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics--the Child Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey. SETTING The general community. PARTICIPANTS Representative sample of the noninstitutionalized(More)
TOBACCO USE is the single most important preventable cause ofdeath in our society. Besides causing premature mortality, tobacco usejeopardizes health and well-being and dramatically increases health care costs (1,2). Because ofthe impact oftobacco use on mortality and morbidity, the public health community has put enormous effort into persuading people not(More)