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Dielectric spectroscopy (DS) of living biological cells is based on the analysis of the complex dielectric permittivity of cells suspended in a physiological medium. It provides knowledge on the polarization-relaxation response of cells to external electric field as function of the excitation frequency. This response is strongly affected by both structural(More)
We describe a new method for rapid, sensitive, and high-throughput detection of colon cancer cells' response to differentiation therapy, using a novel electrochemical lab-on-a-chip system. Differentiation-inducing agents such as butyric acid and its derivatives were introduced to miniature colon cancer samples within the nanovolume chip chambers. The(More)
An electrochemical nano-biochip for water toxicity detection is presented. We describe chip design, fabrication, and performance. Bacteria, which have been genetically engineered to respond to environmental stress, act as a sensor element and trigger a sequence of processes, which leads to generation of electrical current. This novel, portable and miniature(More)
The dielectric dispersion characteristics of cellular suspensions are fundamentally determined based on the analogy to composite dielectric materials when periodically and discrete arrangement of cells is assumed. However, under native physiological conditions, when flocculation and clamping events usually occur, those assumptions are usually not valid. In(More)
Dielectric dispersion analysis of cellular suspension is generally based on the analogy to equivalent periodic material made up of identical inclusions. However, under true physiological conditions, when coupling and aggregation events usually occur, this analogy can introduce severe errors when attempting to probe the dielectric characteristics of the(More)
Recent advances in the convergence of the biological, chemical, physical, and engineering sciences have opened new avenues of research into the interfacing of diverse biological moieties with inanimate platforms. A main aspect of this field, the integration of live cells with micro-machined platforms for high throughput and bio-sensing applications, is the(More)
Bioluminescence-based whole cell biosensors are devices that can be very useful for environmental monitoring applications. The advantages of these devices are that they can be produced as a single-chip, low-power, rugged, inexpensive component, and can be deployed in a variety of non-laboratory settings. However, such biosensors encounter inherent problems(More)
A lab-on-chip consisting of a unique integration of whole-cell sensors, a MOEMS (Micro-Opto-Electro-Mechanical-System) modulator, and solid-state photo-detectors was implemented for the first time. Whole-cell sensors were genetically engineered to express a bioluminescent reporter (lux) as a function of the lac promoter. The MOEMS modulator was designed to(More)
Whole-cell bio-chips for functional sensing integrate living cells on miniaturized platforms made by micro-system-technologies (MST). The cells are integrated, deposited or immersed in a media which is in contact with the chip. The cells behavior is monitored via electrical, electrochemical or optical methods. In this paper we describe such whole-cell(More)
In this paper the replacement of a lost learning function of rats through a computer-based real-time recording and feedback system is shown. In an experiment two recording electrodes and one stimulation electrode were implanted in an anesthetized rat. During a classical-conditioning paradigm, which includes tone and airpuff stimulation, biosignals were(More)