Yoshiyuki Yanai

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, one of several members of the VEGF family, is a relatively specific lymphangiogenic growth factor. VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3 (or Flt4) is a VEGF-C receptor with expression restricted to lymphatic endothelial cells. Since the mechanisms by which carcinoma cells metastasize to lymph nodes remain unclear, we(More)
A stoma prolapse is one of the late complications and often occurs when the stoma is made in an emergency situation. This complication is not lethal, but causes irritable stoma, skin trouble, and difficulty in stoma care. We herein report the case of a 48-year-old female with an end colostomy that was created as an emergency operation 4 months before. On(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), a novel member of the vascular endothelial growth factor family, is a relatively specific lymphangiogenic growth factor. It has been suggested that increased expression of VEGF-C in primary tumors is correlated with lymph node metastasis. We conducted this study to determine whether VEGF-C directly affects(More)
The function of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC), which is the rat counterpart to human growth-related gene product belonging to the CXC chemokine subgroup, is based principally on neutrophil-specific chemotactic activity. In addition, we previously reported that plasma CINC was elevated during the period of small intestinal(More)
To investigate the contribution of beta-catenin to the development of carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, genetic alterations of beta-catenin gene, CTNNB-1 were searched. Mutational analysis of exon3 in CTNNB-1, which encodes the serine/threonine residues for GSK-3beta phosphorylation sites, was performed on 21 cases of carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, by(More)
We established the novel sublines HPC-1H5, HPC-3H4, HPC-4H4, and Panc-1H5, which have a high potential of liver metastasis, and HPC-1P5a, HPC-3P4a, HPC-4P4a, and Panc-1P5a, which have a high potential of peritoneal dissemination, derived from low metastatic HPC-1, HPC-3, HPC-4, and Panc-1cell lines, respectively. To clarify the molecular mechanisms of(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, several mice models have been used for investigating cancer metastasis. However, there are no metastatic and peritoneal dominated variants from the same parental cell line. AIM AND METHODOLOGY To elucidate the mechanisms of metastasis, we established highly liver metastatic and peritoneal disseminated models in nude mice, and then(More)
Neospora caninum is an Apicomplexan parasite that causes repeated abortion and stillbirth in cattle. The aim of this study was to clone the gene encoding the N. caninum orthologue (NcBAG1) of the Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoite-specific protein TgBAG1 and characterize its expression pattern in the parasite. Isolation of the full-length 684-bp gene revealed(More)
INTRODUCTION With the aim of identifying metastases-related genes in gastric cancer, we performed a broad analysis of differential gene expression between low-metastatic parental cell lines and established highly metastatic sublines. MATERIALS AND METHODS We established novel cell lines, AZ-H5c, NUGC-3H5, and TMK-1H7, with a high potential of liver(More)