Yoshiyuki Tenda

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The expression of a functional P-glycoprotein (P-gp) which pumps drugs out of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) into blood was studied by evaluating the steady-state uptake and efflux of vincristine (VCR) by primary cultured bovine BCEC. The steady-state uptake of VCR was increased in the presence of metabolic inhibitors, and an anti-P-gp monoclonal(More)
Both CD4 and CD8 T cells play crucial roles in immune responses in transplantation. Immunosuppressive drugs, such as FK506 and cyclosporin A, block the priming of alloreactive CD4 T(h) cells and the subsequent induction of allospecific CD8 cytotoxic effector T cells and inhibit allograft rejection. However, the desire to minimize chronic complications that(More)
The blood-brain barrier permeability of cyclosporin A (CsA), an immunosuppressive cyclic peptide, is restricted despite its highly lipophilic nature. In this study, the uptake of CsA by primary cultured bovine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) was investigated in order to clarify whether P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ATP-dependent drug efflux pump(More)
Interleukin 5 (IL-5) plays a unique role in allergic inflammatory responses, and the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of IL-5-producing cells is crucial for the regulation of allergic disorders. Differentiation of naive CD4 T cells into type-2 helper (Th2) cells is accompanied by chromatin remodeling including hyperacetylation(More)
BACKGROUND Nishiki-nezumi Cinnamon/Nagoya (NC/Nga) mice raised in nonair-controlled conventional circumstances spontaneously develop atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE We wanted to identify the critical intracellular signaling molecules in T cells that induce atopic dermatitis-like skin(More)
Novel 3-(2-cycloalkyl and cycloalkenyl-3-oxo-2,3-dihydropyridazin-6-yl)-2-phenylpyrazo lo [1,5-a]-pyridines were synthesized and evaluated for their adenosine A1 receptor binding activities. In this series, FR166124 (3) was found to be the most potent and selective adenosine A1 receptor antagonist, and the double bond of the cyclohexenyl acetic acid group(More)
A novel series of 3-(2-substituted-3-oxo-2,3-dihydropyridazin-6-yl)-2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridines (5-38) were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro adenosine A1 and A(2A) receptor binding activities, and in vitro metabolism by rat liver in order to search for orally active compounds. Most of the test compounds were potent adenosine A1 receptor(More)
A novel series of 3-(2-cyclohexenyl-3-oxo-2,3-dihydropyridazin-6-yl)-2-phenylpyrazol o[1,5-a]pyridines was synthesized and evaluated for in vitro adenosine A1 and A2A receptor binding activities. Most of the cyclohexenyl derivatives (7a-e, 8a-s) were found to be potent adenosine A1 receptor antagonists. In a series of analogues of FR166124 (3a), alcohol 7c,(More)
Chemoattractant receptor homologous molecule expressed on T helper type 2 cells (CRTH2) is a PGD2 receptor found on eosinophils, basophils, and Th2 type T cells which exhibits chemotaxis and functions in activation cascades. However, while a number of CRTH2 antagonists, including ramatroban, are known to exert activity in certain animal models, activity in(More)
Two novel classes of diphenyloxazole and Ndelta-Z-ornithine derivatives as highly potent and selective EP(4) antagonists have been discovered. The optimized diphenyloxzole 8 and Ndelta-Z-ornithine 11 effectively competed with [(3)H]PGE(2) binding to human recombinant EP(4), with K(i) values of 0.30 nM and 0.91 nM, respectively, and were selective for all(More)
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