Yoshiyuki Shiroma

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A study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of three drugs in the treatment of uncomplicated strongyloidiasis in Okinawa, Japan. Two hundred and eleven patients with confirmed Strongyloides stercoralis infection were given either ivermectin, 6 mg in a single dose, albendazole, 400 mg/day for 3 days or pyrvinium pamoate, 5 mg/kg/day for 3 days. For each(More)
Strongyloidiasis, a human intestinal infection with Strongyloides stercoralis, is difficult to treat with drugs. The factors influencing this phenomenon remain unclear. To determine the host factors involved in response to treatment, 46 patients with strongyloidiasis were treated with albendazole, followed-up for 1 year, and separated into two groups: cured(More)
To determine the efficacy of stool examination for detection of Strongyloides infection, 1,350 stool samples collected in Japan, Brazil, and Thailand were examined by four different methods (direct fecal smear, formalin-ether concentration. Harada-Mori filter paper culture, and agar plate culture). The newly developed agar plate culture method was highly(More)
Parasitological diagnosis based on the faecal examination is frequently difficult in cases of chronic, low-level S. stercoralis infection. Even when a newly developed sensitive method (an agar plate culture) is applied, it is essential to examine faecal samples repeatedly to achieve a correct diagnosis. Additionally, it is important to note that a negative(More)
An electrophoretic transfer technique was used to investigate qualitatively the production of antibodies to Strongyloides stercoralis larvae in 56 patients with strongyloidiasis. SDS-PAGE analysis of the larval extract revealed the presence of at least 33-39 polypeptide bands under either reducing or non-reducing condition. In the immunoblot analysis,(More)
Posttherapy evaluation of strongyloidiasis is frequently difficult because coprologic examination is not sensitive enough for diagnosis of chronic infection. In the present study, anti-Strongyloides enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay antibodies were monitored before and after treatment with thiabendazole and pyrvinium pamoate in 199 patients with chronic(More)
The intermediate state of HTLV-1 infection, often found in individuals dually infected with Strongyloides stercoralis (S. stercoralis) and HTLV-1, is assumed to be a preleukemic state of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). To investigate the effects of S. stercoralis superinfection on the natural history of HTLV-1 infection, we characterized peripheral blood(More)
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was tested to evaluate whether it could be applicable in screening for mass examination of strongyloidiasis. A total of 2906 inhabitants in three areas (858 in Gushikawa Village, 849 in Nakazato Village and 1199 in Sashiki Town) were screened by the enzymatic assay and approximately 11-30% (11.8% in Gushikawa, 17.0% in(More)
An indirect agglutination test using recently developed gelatin particles was assessed to determine its applicability as a screening test for mass examination for strongyloidiasis. 1199 individuals in Sashiki Town, Okinawa Island, were screened by the test and 34.7% were determined to be antibody positive. Follow-up examination of the persons whose sera(More)
Sera from 91 patients with strongyloidiasis in Okinawa prefecture, Japan, were examined for the presence of the concurrent infection with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) virus by detecting the antibody to ATL-associated virus antigen (anti-ATLA). As high as 73.6% of the patients were found to be positive for the anti-ATLA antibody, whereas in 38(More)