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1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D(3) (ED-71), an analog of active vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] is under phase III clinical trials in Japan for the treatment of osteoporosis and bone fracture prevention. Since ED-71 has a substituent at the 2beta-position of the A-ring, it is recognized that the(More)
Selective factor VIIa-tissue factor complex (FVIIa/TF) inhibition is regarded as a promising target for developing new anticoagulant drugs. Compound 1 was discovered from focused screening of serine protease-directed compounds from our internal collection. Using parallel synthesis supported by structure-based drug design, we identified peptidemimetic(More)
The discovery and structure-activity relationship of a novel series of coumarin-based TNF-alpha inhibitors is described. Starting from the initial lead 1a, various derivatives were prepared surrounding the coumarin core structure to optimize the in vitro inhibitory activity of TNF-alpha production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC),(More)
The crystal structure of human factor VIIa/soluble tissue factor (FVIIa/sTF) in complex with a highly selective peptide-mimetic FVIIa inhibitor which shows 1670-fold selectivity against thrombin inhibition has been solved at 2.6 A resolution. The inhibitor is bound to FVIIa/sTF at the S1, S2 and S3 sites and at the additional S1 subsite. Two charged groups,(More)
Eldecalcitol shows higher binding affinity for vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), tighter binding to vitamin D receptor (VDR), and resistance to metabolic degradation via 24-hydroxylation. In silico analysis of the mode of binding demonstrated that the 3-hydroxypropyloxy (3-HP) group of eldecalcitol offers additional hydrogen bond and CH-π interaction for the(More)
  • Yoshiyuki Ono
  • 2014
Eldecalcitol (1α,25-dihydroxy-2β-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3, [developing code: ED-71]), a new osteoporosis treatment drug that was recently approved in Japan, is a best-in-class drug in the class of calcitriol (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) and its prodrug alfacalcidol (1α-hydroxyvitamin D3), which have been used to treat osteoporosis for 30 years. In a(More)
Novel vitamin D(3) analogs with carboxylic acid were explored, focusing on a nonsecosteroidal analog, LG190178, with a bisphenyl skeleton. From X-ray analysis of these analogs with vitamin D receptor (VDR), the carboxyl groups had very unique hydrogen bonding interactions in VDR and mimicked 1α-hydroxy group and/or 3β-hydroxy group of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin(More)
To express its biological action, active vitamin D3 (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) interacts with three proteins : vitamin D binding protein (DBP), vitamin D receptor (VDR), and CYP24A1. This article explains how eldecalcitol interacts with these three proteins to achieve its mode of action. The main feature of eldecalcitol's molecular structure is the(More)
The scaling property of level statistics in the quantum Hall regime, i.e. 2D disordered electron systems subject to strong magnetic fields, is analyzed numerically in the light of the random matrix theory. The energy dependences of the effective level repulsion parameter, the two level correlation, the GUE-GOE crossover parameter, and the rigidity (or ∆(More)