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1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D(3) (ED-71), an analog of active vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] is under phase III clinical trials in Japan for the treatment of osteoporosis and bone fracture prevention. Since ED-71 has a substituent at the 2beta-position of the A-ring, it is recognized that the(More)
Selective factor VIIa-tissue factor complex (FVIIa/TF) inhibition is seen as a promising target for developing new anticoagulant drugs. Structure-based designs of the P3 moiety in the peptide mimetic factor VIIa inhibitor successfully lead to novel inhibitors with selectivity for FVIIa/TF and extrinsic coagulation the same as or even higher than those of(More)
Selective factor VIIa-tissue factor complex (FVIIa/TF) inhibition is regarded as a promising target for developing new anticoagulant drugs. Compound 1 was discovered from focused screening of serine protease-directed compounds from our internal collection. Using parallel synthesis supported by structure-based drug design, we identified peptidemimetic(More)
The discovery and structure-activity relationship of a novel series of coumarin-based TNF-alpha inhibitors is described. Starting from the initial lead 1a, various derivatives were prepared surrounding the coumarin core structure to optimize the in vitro inhibitory activity of TNF-alpha production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC),(More)
The crystal structure of human factor VIIa/soluble tissue factor (FVIIa/sTF) in complex with a highly selective peptide-mimetic FVIIa inhibitor which shows 1670-fold selectivity against thrombin inhibition has been solved at 2.6 A resolution. The inhibitor is bound to FVIIa/sTF at the S1, S2 and S3 sites and at the additional S1 subsite. Two charged groups,(More)
Eldecalcitol shows higher binding affinity for vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), tighter binding to vitamin D receptor (VDR), and resistance to metabolic degradation via 24-hydroxylation. In silico analysis of the mode of binding demonstrated that the 3-hydroxypropyloxy (3-HP) group of eldecalcitol offers additional hydrogen bond and CH-π interaction for the(More)
  • Yoshiyuki Ono
  • 2014
Eldecalcitol (1α,25-dihydroxy-2β-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3, [developing code: ED-71]), a new osteoporosis treatment drug that was recently approved in Japan, is a best-in-class drug in the class of calcitriol (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) and its prodrug alfacalcidol (1α-hydroxyvitamin D3), which have been used to treat osteoporosis for 30 years. In a(More)
Novel vitamin D(3) analogs with carboxylic acid were explored, focusing on a nonsecosteroidal analog, LG190178, with a bisphenyl skeleton. From X-ray analysis of these analogs with vitamin D receptor (VDR), the carboxyl groups had very unique hydrogen bonding interactions in VDR and mimicked 1α-hydroxy group and/or 3β-hydroxy group of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin(More)
To express its biological action, active vitamin D3 (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) interacts with three proteins : vitamin D binding protein (DBP), vitamin D receptor (VDR), and CYP24A1. This article explains how eldecalcitol interacts with these three proteins to achieve its mode of action. The main feature of eldecalcitol's molecular structure is the(More)