Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo

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γ-Hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH, also called γ-BHC and lindane) is a halogenated organic insecticide that causes serious environmental problems. The aerobic degradation pathway of γ-HCH was extensively revealed in bacterial strain Sphingobium japonicum (formerly Sphingomonas paucimobilis) UT26. γ-HCH is transformed to 2,5-dichlorohydroquinone through(More)
The number of available genome sequences is increasing, and easy-to-use software that enables efficient comparative analysis is needed. We developed GenomeMatcher, a stand-alone software package for Mac OS X. GenomeMatcher executes BLAST and MUMmer, and the detected similarities are displayed in two-dimensional and parallel views with similarity values(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are serious environmental pollutants that threaten both the natural ecosystem and human health. For remediation of environments contaminated with PCBs, several approaches that exploit the potential of microbes to degrade PCBs have been developed. These approaches include improvement of PCB solubilization and entry into the(More)
The complete genome sequencing of a γ-hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading strain, Sphingobium japonicum UT26, revealed that the genome consists of two circular chromosomes [with sizes of 3.5 Mb (Chr1) and 682kb (Chr2)], a 191-kb large plasmid (pCHQ1), and two small plasmids with sizes of 32 and 5kb. The lin genes are dispersed on Chr1, Chr2, and pCHQ1.(More)
Beta-Hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) is the most recalcitrant among the alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-isomers of HCH and causes serious environmental pollution problems. We demonstrate here that the haloalkane dehalogenase LinB, reported earlier to mediate the second step in the degradation of gamma-HCH in Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26, metabolizes(More)
Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26 utilizes gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH) as a sole source of carbon and energy. In our previous study, we cloned and characterized genes that are involved in the conversion of gamma-HCH to maleylacetate (MA) via chlorohydroquinone (CHQ) in UT26. In this study, we identified and characterized an MA reductase gene,(More)
The bph genes in Pseudomonas sp. KKS102, which are involved in the degradation of polychlorinated biphenyl/biphenyl, are induced in the presence of biphenyl. In this study our goal was to understand the regulatory mechanisms involved in the inducible expression. The bph genes (bphEGF(orf4)A1A2A3BCD(orf1)A4R) constitute an operon, and its expression is(More)
An efficient and quantitative method to analyze the transposition of various insertion sequence (IS) elements in Burkholderia multivorans ATCC 17616 was devised. pGEN500, a plasmid carrying a Bacillus subtilis-derived sacB gene, was introduced into ATCC 17616 cells, and 25% of their sucrose-resistant derivatives were found to carry various IS elements on(More)
Burkholderia multivorans ATCC 17616 was originally isolated from a soil sample, and it carries three chromosomes. To identify traits of likely adaptive significance for colonization of soil, an in vivo expression technology system for ATCC 17616 was constructed using the promoterless and tandemly arranged dapB and lacZ genes as the reporters, and this(More)
Geobacillus sp. strain JF8 (NBRC 109937) utilizes biphenyl and naphthalene as sole carbon sources and degrades polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) at 60°C. Here, we report the complete nucleotide sequence of the JF8 genome (a 3,446,630-bp chromosome and a 39,678-bp plasmid). JF8 has the smallest genome among the known PCB degraders.