Yoshiyuki Nishimiya

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Antifreeze proteins are structurally diverse polypeptides that have thermal hysteresis activity and have been discovered in many cold-adapted organisms. Of these, fungal antifreeze protein has been purified and partially characterized only in a species of psychrophilic basidiomycete, Typhula ishikariensis. Here we report a new fungal antifreeze protein from(More)
We found that Notched-fin eelpout, which lives off the north east coast of Japan, expresses an antifreeze protein (AFP). The liver of this fish contains DNAs that encode at least 13 type III AFP isoforms (denoted nfeAFPs). The primary sequences of the nfeAFP isoforms were categorized into SP- and QAE-sephadex binding groups, and the latter were further(More)
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) possess a unique ability to bind to a seed ice crystal to inhibit its growth. The strength of this binding has been evaluated by thermal hysteresis (TH). In this study, we examined the dependence of TH on experimental parameters, including cooling rate, annealing time, annealing temperature and the size of the seed ice crystal for(More)
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) can protect cells from hypothermic damage; however, their mechanism of action remains unclear. Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) can evaluate the size and activities of cells, although long-term continuous monitoring has been unsuccessful. We constructed a novel, fully automated, time-lapse SECM system and investigated(More)
UNLABELLED Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are structurally diverse macromolecules that bind to ice crystals and inhibit their growth to protect the organism from injuries caused by freezing. An AFP identified from the Antarctic bacterium Colwellia sp. strain SLW05 (ColAFP) is homologous to AFPs from a wide variety of psychrophilic microorganisms. To understand(More)
Cryopreservation methods using liquid nitrogen (LN(2)) for gametes and embryos are prevalent in mammalian artificial reproduction. However, the pregnancy rate from frozen embryos has not improved over the past two decades because freeze-thawing causes significant damage. The strict regulation of transportation of LN(2) containers by airlines also limits(More)
We recently found that longsnout poacher (Brachyosis rostratus) produces a Ca(2+)-independent type II antifreeze protein (lpAFP) and succeeded in expressing recombinant lpAFP using Phichia pastoris. Here, we report, for the first time, the X-ray crystal structure of lpAFP at 1.34 A resolution. The lpAFP structure displayed a relatively planar surface, which(More)
We generated a recombinant 96-residue polypeptide corresponding to a sequence Tyr176-Gly273 of ice nucleation protein from Pseudomonas syringae (denoted INP96). INP96 exhibited an ability to shape an ice crystal, whose morphology is highly similar to the hexagonal-bipyramid generally identified for antifreeze protein. INP96 also showed a non-linear,(More)
A variant of antifreeze protein (AFP) named RD3 from antarctic eel pout (Lycodichthys dearborni) comprises the type III AFP intramolecular dimer, which is known to exhibit a significant enhancement of thermal hysteresis when compared with the type III AFP monomer (Miura, K., Ohgiya, S., Hoshino, T, Nemoto, N., Suetake, T., Miura, A, Spyracopoulos, L.,(More)
Type III antifreeze protein is naturally expressed as a mixture of sulfopropyl-Sephadex (SP) and quaternary aminoethyl-Sephadex (QAE)-binding isoforms, whose sequence identity is approximately 55%. We studied the ice-binding properties of a SP isoform (nfeAFP6) and the differences from those of a QAE isoform (nfeAFP8); both of these isoforms have been(More)