Learn More
Isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy is rare, but occasionally it appears as the initial or solitary sign of an intracranial or extracranial space-occupying lesion, a head and neck injury, or a vascular abnormality of the internal carotid artery. Therefore it should be considered in differential diagnosis. We report two cases of isolated unilateral hypoglossal(More)
It is well known that the enteric nervous system plays a key role in the generation of gastrointestinal peristaltic movements. Recently, the networks of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) have been found to be essential in the generation of spontaneous gastrointestinal movements. However, the role of ICC in the mechanisms involved in the generation of(More)
PURPOSE The aberrant expression of programmed cell death 1 ligands 1 and 2 (PD-Ls) on tumor cells dampens antitumor immunity, resulting in tumor immune evasion. In this study, we investigated the expression of PD-Ls in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to define their prognostic significance after curative surgery. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
PURPOSE RECK, a membrane-anchored regulator of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is widely expressed in healthy tissue, whereas it is expressed at lower levels in many tumor-derived cell lines. Studies in mice and cultured cells have shown that restoration of RECK expression inhibits tumor invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. However, the clinical(More)
The rectal distension-evoked reflex rectal (R-R) contractions and internal anal sphincter (R-IAS) relaxations in guinea pigs were generated through the extrinsic sacral excitatory nerve pathway (pelvic nerves) and the intrinsic cholinergic excitatory and nitrergic inhibitory nerve pathways. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a prokinetic(More)
Liver tissue engineering using hepatocyte transplantation has been proposed as an alternative to whole-organ transplantation or liver-directed gene therapy to correct various types of hepatic insufficiency. Hepatocytes are not sustained when transplanted under the kidney capsule of syngeneic mice. However, when we transplanted hepatocytes with the(More)
The PCA-1/ALKBH3 gene implicated in DNA repair is expressed in several human malignancies but its precise contributions to cancer remain mainly unknown. In this study, we have determined its functions and clinical importance in pancreatic cancer. PCA-1/ALKBH3 functions in proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis were evaluated in human pancreatic cancer(More)
We compared the spontaneous electrical and mechanical activities between the jejunum and ileum in the W/Wv mutant mouse, where ICC in the myenteric region (ICC-MY) are deficient. Electrical slow waves (SWs) superimposed with spike potentials, and synchronous circular and longitudinal muscle mechanical activities at a regular rhythm under approximately 1 cm(More)
Wound repair requires both recruitment and well co-ordinated actions of many cell types including inflammatory cells, endothelial cells, epithelial cells and importantly fibroblast cells. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system plays a vital role in wound healing phenomenon. We have previously demonstrated that C-phycocyanin (C-pc), a biliprotein(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate in a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) whether pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) of pancreatic stump decreases the incidence of pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy (DP) compared with stapler closure. BACKGROUND Several studies reported that PJ of pancreatic stump reduces the incidence of(More)