Yoshiyuki Miwa

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The effect of energy malnutrition on survival in patients with non-alcoholic viral liver cirrhosis has not been well defined. We characterized energy metabolism at study entrance and prospectively analyzed its effect on subsequent survival in cirrhotics. One hundred nine consecutive patients with viral liver cirrhosis and 22 healthy control subjects(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common manifestation in cirrhotic patients with reported incidences as high as 65-90%. PEM affects largely the patients' quality of life and survival. Thus, diagnosis of and intervention for PEM is important in the clinical management of liver cirrhosis. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) is(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) promotes oxidation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). BCAA catabolism is regulated by branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex, which is regulated by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation of the E1alpha subunit at Ser293. BCKDH kinase is responsible for inactivation of the complex by phosphorylation.(More)
Abstract Purpose. We analyzed the possible risk factors for metachronous colon tumors after endoscopic resection of initial tumors. Methods. Three hundred and twenty-one patients entered the surveillance study after colonoscopic resection of initial tumors between 1985 and 1999. Histology of initial tumors was adenoma in 214 patients and carcinoma in 107(More)
BACKGROUND In an attempt to optimize oral branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) administration to improve serum albumin in cirrhotic patients, we compared the effects of nocturnal and daytime BCAA administration on protein metabolism in cirrhotic patients. METHODS Twelve cirrhotic patients were enrolled in a short-term study. Patients were administered either(More)
"Shadow Communication" system has been developed allowing others to communicate by means of their "shadows" in remote space. This is designed so that each participant's shadow enters into a space through a semi-transparent screen and interacts with another subject's shadow. This interaction occurs at a common 'stage' (a co-existing space) that can be(More)
OBJECTIVE A late evening snack improves the catabolic state in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis. We tested whether long-term (3 mo) late evening snacking that included a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-enriched nutrient mixture produces a better nutritional state and better quality of life than ordinary food in patients with hepatitis C(More)
AIM Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation improves hypoalbuminemia in decompensated cirrhotics. Recently, it was clarified that the ratio of oxidized albumin within total albumin rises with progression of liver cirrhosis. We conducted a feasibility study to investigate whether BCAA supplementation might improve this ratio. METHODS Seven(More)
Patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) often develops glucose intolerance. We explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in viral CLD, and analyzed factors profoundly affecting the diabetic angiopathies. 229 CLD patients (124 chronic hepatitis and 105 liver cirrhosis) entered the study. The diagnosis of diabetes was made with the criteria by World(More)