Yoshiyuki Kojima

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To examine whether intensive glycemic control could decrease the frequency or severity of diabetic microvascular complications, we performed a prospective study of Japanese patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with multiple insulin injection treatment. A total of 110 patients with NIDDM was randomly assigned to multiple(More)
Two cDNAs and two genomic DNAs coding for the allelic forms of the ligninolytic phenoloxidase were isolated from the white-rot fungus Coriolus hirsutus. The cloned genes were identified in genetic libraries by hybridization screening using four deoxyoligonucleotide probes which corresponded to the partial amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme. Each(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The characteristics of pepsinogen screening for gastric cancer were investigated to establish a suitable cut off point for identifying gastric cancer, using endoscopic diagnosis as the yardstick. SUBJECTS/METHODS Serum pepsinogen concentrations were measured in 5113 subjects who were also screened for gastric cancer by endoscopy. The cut(More)
AIMS We investigated the effects of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) on the distribution of interstitial cells (ICs) in the guinea-pig bladder. METHODS Bladder overactivity of BOO animals was validated with urodynamic studies. Immunohistochemical analyses for Kit and vimentin as markers for ICs were performed on both BOO and control bladders.(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the uricase gene from the thermophilic bacterium Bacillus sp. TB-90 was determined. The primary structure of the uricase deduced from the nucleotide sequence comprised 332 amino acids, with a total molecular mass of 37,994 Da. The molecular mass of the subunit of the uricase produced by the transformant of Escherichia coli agreed(More)
OBJECTIVES Numerous surgical procedures have been used to correct distal hypospadias. Among them, the tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (Snodgrass procedure) has become a mainstay for the repair of distal hypospadias. We applied the procedure to proximal hypospadias. METHODS Three patients with proximal hypospadias underwent a tubularized incised(More)
Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, an inbred strain of a mutant rat isolated from Long-Evans rats, develop hereditary hepatitis. To elucidate the role of copper metabolism in the development of the hepatitis in LEC rats, we examined the copper concentration in the tissues and serum levels of copper and ceruloplasmin. Copper concentration in the liver of LEC(More)
Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion causes DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and sporadic or familial TOF. To determine the prevalence and clinical importance of the 22q11.2 deletion in TOF, a series of 212 Japanese TOF patients was studied. The type of pulmonary blood supply, which may(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The diagnosis of mediastinal and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy is sometimes difficult, especially in patients who have no other primary lesions. Lymphoma is one of the main causes of this condition. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a safe and accurate diagnostic procedure for lesions surrounding(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between the metal content of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the signal intensity pattern on magnetic resonance images. MATERIALS AND METHODS The signal intensity patterns of 59 HCCs 3 cm in diameter or smaller were correlated with histologic findings and metal content. RESULTS HCCs with high signal intensity(More)