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Mastication has been suggested to increase neuronal activities in various regions of the human brain. However, because of technical difficulties, the fine anatomical and physiological regions linked to mastication have not been fully elucidated. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging during cycles of rhythmic gum-chewing and no chewing, we therefore(More)
It has been generally suggested that chewing produces an enhancing effect on cognitive performance-related aspects of memory by the test battery. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that chewing is associated with activation of various brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex. However, little is known about the relation between cognitive(More)
The purpose of this study was (1) to assemble and verify a system to measure the three-dimensional (3-D) movement of the upper and lower complete dentures and the movement of the mandible simultaneously, and (2) to analyse the relation between denture movements and the path of closure of the mandible during function. A 3-D motion capture system with four(More)
Age-related changes in mastication-induced brain neuronal activity have been suggested. However, in humans, little is known about the anatomical regions involved. Using fMRI during cycles of rhythmic gum-chewing and no chewing, we have examined the effect of aging on brain regional activity during chewing in young adult (19-26 yrs), middle-aged (42-55 yrs),(More)
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in eight healthy human subjects, the present study measured blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signals during clenching in a malocclusion model, using a custom-made splint that forced the mandible to a retrusive position and a splint of no modification for control, and compared the results to the BOLD(More)
A new interpretation is proposed for stimulus-induced signal changes in diffusion-weighted functional MRI. T(2)-weighted spin-echo echo-planar images were acquired at different diffusion-weightings while visual stimulation was presented to human volunteers. The amplitudes of the positive stimulus-correlated response and post-stimulus undershoot (PSU) in the(More)
BACKGROUND Patient movement has been considered an important source of errors in cardiac PET. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of such movement on myocardial blood flow (MBF) and perfusable tissue fraction (PTF) measurements in intravenous ¹⁵O-water PET. METHODS Nineteen ¹⁵O-water scans were performed on ten healthy volunteers and three(More)
The Kana Pick-out Test (KPT), which uses Kana or Japanese symbols that represent syllables, requires parallel processing of discrete (pick-out) and continuous (reading) dual tasks. As a dual task, the KPT is thought to test working memory and executive function, particularly in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), and is widely used in Japan as a clinical screen(More)
PURPOSE We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the change in brain regional activity during gum chewing when edentulous subjects switched from mandibular complete dentures to implant-supported removable overdentures. METHODS Four edentulous patients (3 males and 1 female, aged 64 to 79 years) participated in the study. All(More)
The functional link between the amygdala and hippocampus in humans has not been well documented. We examined the effect of unpleasant loud noise on hippocampal and amygdaloid activities during picture encoding by means of fMRI, and on the correct response in humans. The noise reduced activity in the hippocampus during picture encoding, decreased the correct(More)