Learn More
In rhesus monkeys with hypothalamic lesions that abolish gonadotropic hormone release by the pituitary gland, the constant infusion of exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) fails to restore sustained gonadotropin secretion. In marked contrast, intermittent administration of the synthetic decapeptide once per hour, the physiological frequency of(More)
Localization and gene expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide receptor (PACAPR) in the rat retina were studied by immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. Antisera were raised against a synthetic peptide that corresponds to the carboxy-terminal cytoplasmic domain which is found in all subtypes of PACAPR. Strong(More)
Yokukansan (YKS), a traditional Japanese medicine, is composed of seven kinds of dried herbs. It is widely prescribed in clinical situation for treating psychiatric disorders such as aggressiveness in patients with dementia. We previously demonstrated that YKS and Uncaria hook (UH), which is a constituent herb of YKS, had a partial agonistic effect to(More)
It has been recognized that bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) transplantation has beneficial effects on spinal cord injury in animal models and therapeutic trials. It is hypothesized that BMSCs provide microenvironments suitable for axonal regeneration and secrete some trophic factors to rescue affected cells from degeneration. However, the molecular and(More)
The intracellular localization of immunoreactive endothelin (ET)-1, and its colocalization with vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) in the rat neural lobe were investigated by immunogold techniques using specific antisera raised against ET-1, VP, and OT. There were two types of axons: the first contained VP-immunolabeled neurosecretory granules, and the(More)
The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is an important nucleus in pain modulation. It has abundant 5-HT neurons and many other neurotransmitter and/or neuromodulator containing neurons. Its vast fiber connections to other parts of the central nervous system provide a morphological basis for its pain modulating function. Its descending projections, via the nucleus(More)
A double immunocytochemical method combining the preembedding PAP technique and the postembedding immunogold technique was used to examine interactions between GABAergic and serotonergic neurons in the same tissue sections of the dorsal raphe nucleus of the rat. A large number of immunogold stained GABAergic axon terminals were found to be presynaptic to(More)
The distribution of leptin receptor in the rat brain was determined by immunocytochemistry and Western blotting. Strong leptin receptor immunoreactivity was detected in the arcuate, paraventricular and ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus, and lateral hypothalamic area. The olfactory bulb, neocortex, cerebellar cortex, dorsal raphe nucleus, inferior(More)
Using a highly specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay for dynorphin(1-13), dynorphin-like immunoreactivity (dynorphin-LI) was detected in rat pituitary and hypothalamus. Gel chromatographic studies on Sephadex G-50 revealed three components of dynorphin-LI with molecular weights of approximately 7500-9500 (big dynorphin), 3500-5500 (intermediate dynorphin)(More)
Immunohistochemical localization of gamma-MSH was studied in human and rat hypothalamus by peroxidase-labeled antibody method both at light and electron microscopic levels. Human and rat hypothalamus contained immunoreactive gamma-MSH neurons and varicose nerve fibers. The distribution of gamma-MSH-positive nerve fibers was similar to that of beta-endorphin(More)