Yoshiya Yamamura

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Recent studies have shown that rebamipide, which suppresses reactive oxygen species, prevents chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancers. However, anticancer action of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is believed to be partially associated with generation of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to determine(More)
This prediction system is based on placements of CYP1A2-substrates on a hexagonal-grid template in a way following the rule generated from the relationship of the substrate-structure and selective-area uses on the template, and also the rule for a triggering-event to initiate the catalytic reactions. Clear relationship found between the placements and(More)
1. Chlorzoxazone (CLZ) is currently being used as a marker substrate in vitro/vivo studies to quantify cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) activity in humans. Although in CLZ 6-hydroxylation several CYPs are responsible, previous studies have presented the monophasicity of the reaction in human liver microsomes (HLMs). Furthermore, the Km values of CYP2E1 for the(More)
The direct inhibitory potential of twenty five anti-tuberculosis drugs on eight CYP-specific reactions in human liver microsomes was investigated to predict in vivo drug-drug interactions (DDIs) from in vitro data. Rifampicin, rifabutin, and thioacetazone inhibited one CYP reaction. Isoniazid and clofazimine had inhibitory effects on four CYP reactions, and(More)
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