Yoshiya Watanabe

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This study first shows a striking parallel between the expression patterns of the Bmp4, Msx1 and Msx2 genes in the lateral ridges of the neural plate before neural tube closure and later on, in the dorsal neural tube and superficial midline ectoderm. We have previously shown that the spinous process of the vertebra is formed from Msx1- and 2-expressing(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying neuro-network formation in the developing brain, we analyzed 130 proteolytic cleavage peptides of membrane proteins purified from newborn mouse brains. We describe here the characterization of a membrane protein with an apparent molecular mass of 46 kDa, a member of the immunoglobulin(More)
This study investigates the role of the developing diencephalic floor or mesenchymal tissue in the differentiation of ACTH-producing cells. The adenohypophysial primordia of fetal rats on days 12.5 and 13.5 of gestation were treated with collagenase; some primordia were allowed to retain an association with the brain and mesenchyme, but in others the brain(More)
The objective of this in-vitro study was to examine whether the diencephalic floor or the mesenchyme is involved in differentiation of LH cells in the developing rat adenohypophysis. Overall growth of the adenohypophysial tissue was retarded when the adenohypophysial primordium was cultivated after enzymatic removal of the diencephalic floor on days 11.5(More)
The aim of the present study was to test whether the luteinizing-hormone (LH) cells in the pars tuberalis (PT) of the rat and mouse respond to LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) as do those of the pars distalis. A part of the basal hypothalamus containing the pituitary stalk, median eminence and the pars tuberalis (H-PT), was dissected out and incubated in vitro.(More)
Macrophages produce superoxide (O2-) during phagocytosis or upon stimulation with a variety of agents including phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) through the activation of NADPH oxidase, and the formed O2- is converted to other reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of the(More)
A phosphonoglycosphingolipid, designated as FGL-IIb, was first identified in nerve fibers of Aplysia kurodai by two-dimensional TLC (Abe, S. et al. (1986) Biomed. Res. 7, 47-51), and its chemical structure has been determined to be 3,4-O-(1-carboxyethylidene)]Gal beta 1----3GalNac alpha 1----3(Fuc alpha 1----2)(2-aminoethylphosphonyl----6)Gal beta 1----4Glc(More)
After an exposure of 24 h to synthetic LHRH (100 ng/ml) in vitro, the anterior pituitaries of 4-day-old rats show a notable loss of immunoreactive material in most LH cells in males, but not in females. When radioimmunoassayed without incubation, the pituitary LH content of 4-day-old female rats is 2.8 times higher than that of males of the same age. LHRH(More)
The objective of the present immunohistochemical study was to determine whether the close spatial relationship between hormone-producing cells as described in rats also exists in the mouse adenohypophysis. In both immature and mature mice, GH cells were the only cell type that had a round shape throughout the pars distalis. All other types of secretory(More)
It is generally accepted that hypothalectomy of frog tadpoles at the open neurula stage results in failure of the pars intermedia to develop. A pale body color is assumed to be evidence that the hypothalamus was completely removed. The present study, however, shows that hypothalectomized Rana japonica can develop into either albino, as already reported, or(More)