Yoshiya Ikawa

Learn More
A human fibroblast cDNA expression library was screened for cDNA clones giving rise to flat colonies when transfected into v-Ki-ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. One such gene, RECK, encodes a membrane-anchored glycoprotein of about 110 kDa with multiple epidermal growth factor-like repeats and serine-protease inhibitor-like domains. While RECK mRNA is(More)
In producing mutant mice by gene-targeting and gene-trapping in embryonic stem (ES) cells, the efficient colonization of the mutant ES cells into germline is still a critical matter. We have established a new line of ES cells, TT2, from an F1 embryo between a C57BL/6 female and a CBA male. When the TT2 cells were injected into blastocysts, the colonization(More)
The c-mos proto-oncogene product, pp39mos, is present in unfertilized Xenopus eggs, and disappears on fertilization. Microinjection of synthetic mos RNA into two-cell embryos induces cleavage arrest at metaphase. By contrast, egg cytosol extracts, when immunodepleted of endogenous pp39mos, lose their cleavage-arresting activity in injected embryos. These(More)
A cell line, ATDC5, isolated from a differentiating culture of AT805 teratocarcinoma expressed a fibroblastic cell phenotype in a growing phase. With the addition of 10 micrograms/ml insulin to the medium, cells continued to grow even in a postconfluent phase, formed cartilage nodule-like cell aggregates, were stained with Alcian blue and produced(More)
A 1.8 kb cDNA clone, Krev-1, with revertant-inducing activity on Kirsten sarcoma virus-transformed NIH/3T3 cells, has been isolated from a human fibroblast cDNA expression library. In Krev-1 transfectants, there is a correlation between the levels of specific mRNA and the degrees of suppression of the transformed phenotype. The cDNA encodes a protein of(More)
In Xenopus the c-mos proto-oncogene product (Mos) is essential for the initiation of oocyte maturation, for the progression from meiosis I to meiosis II and for the second meiotic metaphase arrest, acting as an essential component of the cytostatic factor CSF. Its function in mouse oocytes is unclear, however, as is the biological significance of c-mos mRNA(More)
In producing mutant mice by gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells, the efficient isolation of the homologous recombinants is still a critical step. We previously reported on a negative selection using the diphtheria toxin A (DT-A) fragment gene for homologous recombinants (1). It was efficient but limited to gene loci expressed in ES cells. For wider(More)
Tenascin, an extracellular matrix protein, is expressed in an unusually restricted pattern during embryogenesis and has been implicated in a variety of morphogenetic phenomena. To directly assess the function of tenascin in vivo, we generated mutant mice in which the tenascin gene was nully disrupted by replacing it with the lacZ gene. In mutant mice, lacZ(More)
In attempting to produce a mutant mouse with embryonic stem cells, the critical step is the efficient isolation of homologous recombinants; the frequency of the homologous recombination is usually low and the potency of the cells to differentiate into germ cells is unstable in culture. Here, we report an efficacious method for such isolation in which the(More)
In vertebrates, mature eggs are arrested at the second meiotic metaphase by the cytostatic factor (CSF), now known to be the c-mos proto-oncogene product (Mos). Fertilization or egg activation triggers a transient increase in the cytoplasmic free calcium and releases the meiotic arrest by inactivating maturation/mitosis-promoting factor (MPF). CSF or Mos,(More)