Yoshitsugu Saishin

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a central role in the development of retinal neovascularization and diabetic macular edema. There is also evidence suggesting that VEGF is an important stimulator for choroidal neovascularization. In this study, we investigated the effect of a specific inhibitor of VEGF, VEGF-TRAP(R1R2), in models for these(More)
Human immunodeficiency viral (HIV) vectors mediate long-term transduction of many types of nondividing cells in vivo. Bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) is a lentivirus that shares many characteristics with HIV, but does not cause human disease. In this study, we investigated the potential of BIV vectors for ocular gene therapy. An enhanced green(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the relationship between evaluation items of sleep-disordered breathing and diabetic retinopathy in detail. DESIGN Cross-sectional comparative study. METHODS Sixty-eight consecutive nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy and 151 proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) cases who had undergone surgeries in our department were included(More)
Endostatin, a proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII, is an endogenous inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis that also inhibits choroidal neovascularization. In this study, we assessed the effects of increased intraocular expression of endostatin on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced changes in the retina. After subretinal injection of a pair of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of vitrectomy on the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the pharmacokinetics of intravitreally injected bevacizumab in the aqueous humor in cynomolgus macaques. METHODS Pars plana lensectomy and a standard three-port vitrectomy were performed in one eye each of six macaques. After a minimal(More)
PURPOSE Topical nepafenac readily penetrates the cornea and is metabolized to amfenac, a potent cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitor. In this study, we tested the effect of topical nepafenac in three murine models of ocular neovascularization (NV). METHODS A masked trial was performed to compare the topical effects of vehicle with one of several(More)
PURPOSE Oral administration of PKC412, a kinase inhibitor that blocks several isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) and receptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor, and stem cell factor, inhibits ocular neovascularization in a murine model. The purpose of this study was to determine whether sustained local delivery(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate serum and plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations in neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients treated bimonthly with an intravitreal injection of aflibercept or ranibizumab. DESIGN Prospective, interventional case series. METHODS This study includes 17 eyes of 17 patients treated with 2 mg(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) have been implicated as important stimulatory factors for retinal neovascularization. In this study, we used intraocular gene transfer with gutless adenoviral (AGV) vectors to determine the effect of increased intraocular expression of VEGF, IGF-1, or sphingosine kinase(More)
We report a case of unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy (UAIM) with new clinical findings. A 34-year-old Japanese man had a neurosensory retinal detachment (~5 disk diameters) with yellowish-white exudates at the macula in the left eye (visual acuity (VA) 0.4). Fluorescein angiography (FA) showed early hypofluorescent spots and late pooling in the(More)