Learn More
The transcription factor Foxp3 is involved in the differentiation, function and survival of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (T(reg)) cells. Details of the mechanism underlying the induction of Foxp3 expression remain unknown, because studies of the transcriptional regulation of the Foxp3 gene are limited by the small number of T(reg) cells in mononuclear cell(More)
The ability of adeno-associated virus serotype 1 to 8 (AAV1 to AAV8) vectors expressing the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Env gp160 (AAV-HIV) to induce an immune response was evaluated in BALB/c mice. The AAV5 vector showed a higher tropism for both mouse and human dendritic cells (DCs) than did the AAV2 vector, whereas other AAV serotype(More)
This study investigates whether genetically modified orally administered Lactococcus lactis (L lactis) could be used as an HIV vaccine. L lactis is immunogenic and extremely safe when delivered orally. We created a recombinant L lactis vector expressing the envelope protein of HIV on its cell surface. Oral immunization with this vector induced high levels(More)
Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated CpG motifs trigger an immune response characterized by the activation of B cells, NK cells and monocytes/macrophages. Based on evidence that the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines can be augmented by the addition of CpG motifs, 5-20 additional CpG motifs were cloned into a pUC-derived plasmid.(More)
OX40 is a member of the TNFR superfamily (CD134; TNFRSF4) that is expressed on activated T cells and regulates T cell-mediated immune responses. In this study, we have examined the regulation of OX40 gene expression in T cells. Low-level OX40 mRNA expression was detected in both resting T cells and the nonactivated EL4 T cell line, and was up-regulated in(More)
Single HIV-1 subtype DNA vaccine is unlikely to provide reactive protection across a wide range of HIV strains since the HIV virus changes the antigenic sites, particularly, in env gene. To overcome these issues, we constructed a multivalent poly-epitope DNA vaccine. A polygenic DNA vaccine encoding 20 antigenic epitopes from the HIV-1 Env, Gag, and Pol(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase play an essential role in intracellular eradication of engulfed pathogens. Here, we demonstrate the physical and functional association between components of the cytosolic NADPH oxidase and TLR-mediated signaling molecules. Cytosolic components of NADPH oxidase(More)
BACKGROUND The Rev protein of HIV plays a critical role in the export of viral mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of infected cells. This work examines the effect of introducing rev into a DNA vaccine encoding the Env protein of HIV, and compares the activity of env genes regulated by CMV versus CAG promoters. METHODS The HIV Env gp160 encoding gene(More)
To regulate the expression of the apoptotic gene, we constructed bicistronic DNA vaccines that encode for HIV env and caspase-3 mutant (casp 3m) that are expressed via the encephalomyocarditis virus internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter-dependent translations. While IRES-casp 3m induced weak apoptosis and caused little(More)
Oral vaccines can induce both systemic and mucosal immunity. Mucosal immunity, especially regional cell-mediated immunity, plays an important role in protecting individuals from infectious diseases such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In this study, a recombinant adeno-associated virus vector expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env gene(More)