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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a well known factor that induces angiogenesis. Four isoforms, i.e. VEGF206, 189, 165, and 121, have been identified. We examined the isoform patterns of VEGF mRNA using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis in 61 colon cancers. All the colon cancers examined expressed VEGF121. The(More)
One of the most critical issues to be solved in regard to cancer chemotherapy is the need to establish a method for predicting efficacy or toxicity of anticancer drugs for individual patients. To identify genes that might be associated with chemosensitivity, we used a cDNA microarray representing 23,040 genes to analyze expression profiles in a panel of 85(More)
The N141I missense mutation in presenilin (PS) 2 is tightly linked with a form of autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the Volga German families. We have generated transgenic mouse lines overexpressing human wild-type or mutant PS2 under transcriptional control of the chicken beta-actin promoter. In the brains of transgenic mice, the(More)
BACKGROUND Amplification and rearrangement of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is frequently associated with malignant gliomas. One type of EGFR mutation in primary gliomas results in overexpression of an aberrant EGFR messenger RNA (mRNA) that lacks sequences of exons II through VI of the human EGFR gene. We observed that the aberrantly(More)
Two subtypes of thrombospondin (TSP-1 and TSP-2) have inhibitory roles in angiogenesis in vitro, although the biological significance of these TSP isoforms has not been determined in vivo. We examined TSP-1 and TSP-2 gene expression by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis in 61 colon cancers. Thirty-eight of these 61 colon(More)
We examined the levels of expression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene quantified by Northern blot analysis in comparison with those of the MDR1 gene determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 104 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens [59 adenocarcinoma (Ad), 40 squamous cell carcinoma (Sq), four(More)
Mutation of c-K-ras oncogene is an important step in progression of colon cancer. We used a hammerhead ribozyme (KrasRz) against mutated K-ras gene transcripts (codon 12, GTT) to inactivate mutant K-ras function in the colon cancer cell line SW480, harbouring a mutant K-ras gene. The beta-actin promoter-driven KrasRz sequence (pHbeta/KrasRz) was introduced(More)
The c-erbB-2 product is thought to be a unique and useful target for antibody therapy of cancers overexpressing the c-erbB-2 gene. In vitro and in vivo anti-tumour effects of a humanised antibody against the extracellular domain of the c-erbB-2 gene product, rhu4D5, were examined. Rhu4D5 was less effective than its murine counterpart, mu4D5, for the direct(More)
For detection of plasma proteins produced by human malignant tumors, a survey of blood plasma obtained from nude mice bearing serially transplanted human tumors was performed by immunoelectrophoresis and the double immunodiffusion technique. Among 34 lines including 18 types of human tumors, human specific plasma proteins were demonstrated in the plasma of(More)
No SERIAL xenotransplantation of human intracranial tumours has been reported, although various kinds of human malignant tumours are known to be trans-plantable to nude mice 1975). This paper reports the successful xenotransplantation of a human meningioma and its metastasis in nude mice. The patient was a 66-year-old Japanese female who became aware of(More)