Yoshiteru Aoi

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Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of DNA is a novel technique for the amplification of DNA under isothermal conditions. For the first time, we applied this method to develop a simple and quantitative monitoring method for environmental microorganisms targeting amoA gene in ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Quantitative analysis was performed first by(More)
Diverse microorganisms form complex microbial communities and usually exist in biofilm communities in both natural environments and engineered systems such as a wastewater treatment process. However, the conventional approach to investigate microbial ecology has not contributed to the understanding and clarification of the structure and function of biofilm(More)
Microbial population dynamics were investigated during the formation of nitrifying granules in an aerobic upflow fluidized bed (AUFB) reactor fed ammonia as a sole energy source. Analyses of clone libraries of 16S rRNA gene and the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A gene (amoA) revealed that although the clones obtained from the seed sludge were widely(More)
AIMS To quantitatively analyse the changes to amoA mRNA (ammonia mono-oxygenase encoding mRNA) profiles in response to a change in ammonia oxidation activity in a complex microbial community. METHODS AND RESULTS The amoA mRNA levels in both a batch-mode incubation and a continuously fed nitrification reactor were determined by real-time reverse(More)
Ammonia monooxygenase encoding mRNA (amoA mRNA) transcription in the wastewater treatment process was investigated using reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) as the model indicating specific function and activity in nitrifying processes. The dynamic response of amoA mRNA transcription and ammonia-oxidizing activity to the change of environmental conditions(More)
"Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis" is considered a polyphosphate-accumulating organism (PAO) though it has not been isolated yet. To reveal the denitrification ability of this organism, we first concentrated this organism by flow cytometric sorting following fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using specific probes for this organism. The purity of(More)
A hollow-fiber membrane chamber (HFMC) was developed as an in situ cultivation device for environmental microorganisms. The HFMC system consists of 48 to 96 pieces of porous hollow-fiber membrane connected with injectors. The system allows rapid exchange of chemical compounds, thereby simulating a natural environment. Comparative analysis through the(More)
This study evaluates the community structure in nitrifying granules (average diameter of 1600 mum) produced in an aerobic reactor fed with ammonia as the sole energy source by a multivalent approach combining molecular techniques, microelectrode measurements and mathematical modelling. Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that ammonia-oxidizing(More)
We examined the effects of various NO inhibitors on the healing of DSS-induced rat colitis. Experimental colitis was induced by feeding rats for 6 days with 2.5% DSS in drinking water. After DSS treatment, the animals were fed normally and killed various days up to 7 days later. L-NAME (a nonselective NOS inhibitor) or aminoguanidine (a selective iNOS(More)
The microbial ecology of nitrifying bacteria in various types of wastewater treatment processes and the dynamic response of the microbial ecology in biofilms were investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Nitrifying bacteria were found to exhibit various organizational forms under different(More)