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INTRODUCTION The craniovertebral junction is clinically important. The vertebral artery (VA) in its several variations runs within this area. We report the prevalence of these VA variations on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed MRA images, obtained using two 1.5-T imagers, of 2,739 patients, and paid special(More)
INTRODUCTION A persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is the most common carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis. A cerebellar artery that arises from the precavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) without connecting to the basilar artery is regarded as a PTA variant. Our study aimed to determine the incidence of PTA and its variants and classify(More)
INTRODUCTION It is well known that the occipital artery (OA) can arise from the internal carotid artery (ICA) or vertebral artery (VA). However, the incidence of an anomalously originating OA has not been reported. We investigate its incidence and characteristic features on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed MRA(More)
INTRODUCTION The origin of the vertebral artery (VA) varies, though most VAs enter the transverse foramen (TF) of the sixth cervical vertebra. On computed tomography (CT) angiographic images, we evaluated the prevalence of variations of both VA origin and its level of entry into the TF. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed CT angiographic images of 2,287(More)
INTRODUCTION Fenestrations of cerebral arteries are most common in the vertebrobasilar (VB) system, and magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic studies of these variations are sparse. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed MR angiographic images of 3,327 patients; images were obtained using two 1.5-T imagers and picked up fenestrations of the intracranial(More)
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) for leiomyoma is becoming accepted as an alternative to surgical treatment. However, gynecologists who have treated follow-up patients are greatly concerned about the postoperative course after UAE. One significant complication after UAE is infection owing to obstruction resulting from the sloughing of necrotic fibroids(More)
We report three cases with a rare anatomic variation, in which the common hepatic artery (CHA) arose from the left gastric artery. Fewer than ten cases with this anatomic variation have been published in the literature consulted. In each patient, multidetector-row CT image with 3D reformation demonstrated that the hepatic artery arises from the left gastric(More)
INTRODUCTION Duplicate origin of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is rare and has been misdiagnosed or confused as fenestration of the proximal M1 segment of the MCA. The condition is not a true fenestration and occurs when two MCA branches arise separately from the terminal segment of the internal carotid artery, and fuse to form an arterial ring. We(More)
INTRODUCTION Rarely in the anterior circulation, an anastomosis of the carotid and anterior cerebral arteries occurs when an anomalous branch arises from the ophthalmic segment of the internal carotid artery and anastomoses with the A1-A2 junction of the anterior communicating artery. Right-side predominance is known. To our knowledge, the incidence of(More)
INTRODUCTION Persistent hypoglossal artery (PHA) is the second most common anastomosis between the carotid and vertebrobasilar systems and demonstrates some variations. We evaluated the prevalence of PHA on computed tomography (CT) angiography. We also evaluated characteristic features of PHA and its variants on magnetic resonance (MR) angiography. (More)