Yoshitaka Oka

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Recently, a novel physiologically active peptide, kisspeptin (metastin), has been reported to facilitate sexual maturation and ovulation by directly stimulating GnRH neurons in several mammalian species. Despite its importance in the neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction, kisspeptin neurons have only been studied in mammals, and there has been no report(More)
The terminal nerve (TN)-gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons project widely in the brain instead of the pituitary and show endogenous pacemaker activity that is dependent on the physiological conditions of the animal. We suggest that the TN-GnRH system may act as a putative neuromodulator that is involved in the regulation of many long-lasting(More)
Animals must regulate their sensory responsiveness appropriately with respect to their internal and external environments, which is accomplished in part via centrifugal modulatory pathways. In the olfactory sensory system, responsiveness is regulated by neuromodulators released from centrifugal fibers into the olfactory epithelium and bulb. Among the(More)
We investigated the physiological role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in fetal growth in mice in which midgestational sialoadenectomy induced maternal EGF deficiency. Sialoadenectomy decreased the fetal weight significantly, indicating that maternal EGF deficiency caused intrauterine growth retardation. The weight of the fetal liver in the(More)
The origin of the centrifugal fibers to the olfactory bulb in the goldfish was examined by injecting a fluorescent dye, primuline, into the olfactory bulb by means of hydraulic pressure. Three to five days after the primuline injection, which was confined to the unilateral olfactory bulb, a large number of primuline-labeled perikarya appeared in two(More)
A micro-Western analysis method both sensitive and quantitative enough to analyze oocytes and embryos is developed. GLUT1 protein is present in mouse oocytes and preimplantation embryos and levels are increased by fertilization and with time in ensuing embryonic development; the levels were 20-fold greater in blastocysts than in unfertilized oocytes.(More)
Kiss2, a paralogous gene for kiss1, has recently been identified in several vertebrates. However, their relative potencies for the regulation of reproductive functions appear to differ among species. Here we used medaka as a model animal to examine the kiss1 and kiss2 expression dynamics by in situ hybridization under different conditions: breeding or(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion has two modes of release in mammalian species; the surge mode and the pulse mode. The surge mode, which is required for the induction of the preovulatory gonadotropin discharge in most species, is induced by the positive feedback of estrogen secreted by the mature ovarian follicle. The pulse mode of GnRH(More)
To clarify the possible function of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the brain of a pleuronectiform fish, the barfin flounder Verasper moseri, the distribution of three forms of GnRH in various areas of the brain was examined by radioimmunoassay, and the localization of GnRH-immunoreactive (ir) cell bodies and fibers in the brain and pituitary was(More)
Chemotactic swimming behaviors of spermatozoa toward an egg have been reported in various species. The strategies underlying these behaviors, however, are poorly understood. We focused on two types of chemotaxis, one in the siphonophores and the second in the ascidians, and then proposed two models based on experimental data. Both models assumed that the(More)