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Lectin-binding patterns in the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) of the golden hamster were investigated histochemically with 21 biotinylated lectins. The AOB was divided into rostral and caudal halves according to binding patterns of 16 lectins, WGA, s-WGA, LEL, STL, DSL, BSL-II, DBA, SBA, BSL-I, VVA, SJA, PNA, ECL, UEA-I, Con A and PSA. The caudal half of(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and stroke. Flavonoids are effective antioxidants that protect against these chronic diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of sudachitin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid found in the skin of the Citrus sudachi fruit, on glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism in mice(More)
Long-term suppression of postprandial glucose concentration is an important dietary strategy for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Because previous reports have suggested that seaweed may exert anti-diabetic effects in animals, the effects of Wakame or Mekabu intake with 200 g white rice, 50 g boiled soybeans, 60 g potatoes, and 40 g broccoli(More)
Buckwheat has been shown to have various health benefits such as reduction of hypertension and improvement of hypercholesterolemia; however, its effect on diabetes has not been fully elucidated. In this study, buckwheat bran extracts (BBE) inhibited sucrase activity in vitro more effectively than buckwheat. Balb/c mice pretreated with BBE showed(More)
Shirasuboshi (boiled and semi-dried whitebait) is a processed fish food that contains abundant calcium. It is eaten whole and commonly consumed in Japan. In this study, the effect of sudachi (Citrus sudachi) juice on calcium, magnesium and phosphorus bioavailability, and bone metabolism in rats was examined. After 14 d of diets low in calcium and(More)
Glomeruli within the main olfactory bulb (MOB) are known as areas of synapse formation between axon terminals of olfactory neurons in the olfactory epithelium and dendrites of the first relay neurons (mitral and tufted cells) in the MOB, so that they serve as functional units in olfaction. We examined expression patterns of glycoconjugates in the glomeruli(More)
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