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Lectin-binding patterns in the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) of the golden hamster were investigated histochemically with 21 biotinylated lectins. The AOB was divided into rostral and caudal halves according to binding patterns of 16 lectins, WGA, s-WGA, LEL, STL, DSL, BSL-II, DBA, SBA, BSL-I, VVA, SJA, PNA, ECL, UEA-I, Con A and PSA. The caudal half of(More)
The izumi shrimp (Plesionika izumiae Omori, 1971) is an unused resource which can be caught off the southern coast of Tokushima Prefecture. We have previously found that an izumi shrimp hydrolysate significantly inhibited the age-associated spontaneous increase in blood pressure in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. In this present study, two(More)
The effects of leukotrienes C4 (LTC4) and D4 (LTD4) on the secretion by human bronchial mucosa of [14C]glucosamine-labeled, trichloro-acetic acid/phosphotungstic acid-precipitable glycoprotein and lysozyme were evaluated in vitro. LTC4 and LTD4, in the concentration range of 0.16 to 1600 nM, induced a dose-related increase in the release of radiolabeled(More)
Glomeruli within the main olfactory bulb (MOB) are known as areas of synapse formation between axon terminals of olfactory neurons in the olfactory epithelium and dendrites of the first relay neurons (mitral and tufted cells) in the MOB, so that they serve as functional units in olfaction. We examined expression patterns of glycoconjugates in the glomeruli(More)
Buckwheat powder or protein has been shown to decrease the total serum cholesterol level in non-diabetic mice or rats. However, the lipid-lowering effect of buckwheat bran extract (BBE) in diabetic mice has not been fully elucidated. KK-A(y) mice that received six-week treatment with BBE showed decreased body weight and liver weight compared to those of(More)
To examine the mechanism of tissue damage which causes bronchiolectasis in diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB), the cellular components, elastase and its main inhibitor, alpha 1-protease inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) were measured in bronchoalveolar and bronchial lavage fluid (BALF and BLF) from 14 DPB patients. A predominant increase in the neutrophil count was(More)
Histochemical localization of cathepsin B in alveolar macrophages (AM) that separated into four different density fractions (I, II, III and IV) by discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation was demonstrated in fluorescence microscope using CBZ-Arg-Arg-4-methoxy-2- naphthylamide as a substrate and 5-nitrosalicylaldehyde as a coupling reagent. The least(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and stroke. Flavonoids are effective antioxidants that protect against these chronic diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of sudachitin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid found in the skin of the Citrus sudachi fruit, on glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism in mice(More)
Allergenicity and antigenicity of food proteins are generally dependent on their heat-stability and resistance to digestive enzymes. Using the methods of SDS-PAGE and immunoblots, we assessed peptic-digestibility of major milk proteins (casein, beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin) in commercially available infant formulas in acidic pH range (pH 1.5 to(More)
Oral tolerance is a phenomenon of induction of systemic unresponsiveness to antigens ingested by the oral route and loss of immune response. Studies have shown the importance of vitamin A in oral tolerance in vitro but not in an in vivo experimental model. Therefore, we carried out experiments to determine how vitamin A deficiency affects tolerance(More)