Yoshitaka Narita

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Human solid tumors frequently have pronounced heterogeneity of both neoplastic and normal cells on the histological, genetic, and gene expression levels. While current efforts are focused on understanding heterotypic interactions between tumor cells and surrounding normal cells, much less is known about the interactions between and among heterogeneous tumor(More)
Telomere lengthening is one of the key events in most cancers, and depends largely on telomerase activation. Telomerase activation is a well-known phenomenon in gliomas; however, its mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we investigated the presence of mutations in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene in a series of 546(More)
Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 are found frequently in malignant gliomas and are likely involved in early gliomagenesis. To understand the prevalence of these mutations and their relationship to other genetic alterations and impact on prognosis for Japanese glioma patients, we analyzed 250 glioma cases. Mutations of IDH1 and IDH2(More)
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon fibroblastic neoplasm. Although histologic characteristics and frequent CD34 expression allow for an accurate diagnosis in the majority of SFT cases, a wide histologic spectrum and an occasional unexpected immunophenotype may pose diagnostic challenges. Molecular analyses have discovered that almost all SFTs(More)
We report the first case of neuropathologically verified parkinsonism-dementia complex of the Kii peninsula, together with the patient's brother, who had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The propositus woman developed parkinsonism and dementia at 63 years of age and died at 70 without displaying clinical features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The brain(More)
Control of the cancer stem/initiating cell population is considered key to realizing the long-term survival of glioblastoma patients. Recently, we demonstrated that FOXO3 activation is sufficient to induce differentiation of glioma-initiating cells having stem-like properties and inhibit their tumor-initiating potential. Here we identified metformin, an(More)
UNLABELLED Appropriate corrections for scatter and attenuation correction are prerequisites for quantitative SPECT studies. However, in most cerebral SPECT studies, uniform attenuation in the head is assumed, and scatter is usually neglected. This study evaluated the effect of attenuation correction and scatter correction on quantitative values and image(More)
Reliable prognostic biomarkers of grade II gliomas remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the role of mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1/2), 1p/19q co-deletion, and clinicopathological factors in patients with grade II glioma who were primarily treated with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy after surgery. Seventy-two consecutive patients,(More)
Intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) are relatively rare. Their incidence has been considered to be higher in East Asia than in the United States. This study estimates the incidence of CNS GCTs in Japan and the United States, investigates gender discrepancies in each country, and describes treatment outcomes. Data on primary CNS GCTs from 4 databases were(More)
The molecular signaling pathways orchestrating the biology of cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs), including glioblastoma, remain to be elucidated. We investigated in this study the role of the MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the control of self-renewal and tumorigenicity of glioblastoma CSLCs, particularly in relation to the PI3K/mTOR(More)