Yoshitaka Miyakawa

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Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide in brown seaweed, was found to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in human lymphoma HS-Sultan cell lines. Fucoidan-induced apoptosis was accompanied by the activation of caspase-3 and was partially prevented by pretreatment with a pan-caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-FMK. The mitochondrial potential in HS-Sultan cells was(More)
Capsaicin (N-vanillyl-8-methyl-1-nonenamide) is a homovanillic acid derivative found in pungent fruits. Several investigators have reported the ability of capsaicin to inhibit events associated with the promotion of cancer. However, the effects of capsaicin on human leukemic cells have never been investigated. We investigated the effects of capsaicin on(More)
We developed a new experimental animal model of human multiple myeloma using immunodeficient NOD/SCID/gammac(null) (NOG) mice. A human myeloma cell line, U266, was intravenously inoculated into 20 NOG mice, all of which developed hind leg paralysis and distress around 6 weeks after transplantation. Pathological studies showed that only the bone marrow was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of green tea polyphenol, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as a novel therapeutic agent for the patients with myeloid leukemia. DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the effects of EGCG on the induction of apoptosis in leukemic cells in vitro and in vivo. We further(More)
Bisphosphonates have been used for the treatment of hypercalcemia associated with malignancies and osteoporosis. It was previously reported that the mevalonate pathway is involved in nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate-induced apoptosis in osteoclasts and myeloma cells. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of two bisphosphonates, incadronate,(More)
Human interferon (IFN)-alpha is the standard therapy for chronic hepatitis C to prevent its progression to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thrombocytopenia is one of the major adverse effects of IFN-alpha and often leads to dose reduction or treatment discontinuation. However, there is little information on how IFN-alpha inhibits human(More)
Bone disease (BD) in multiple myeloma (MM) is because of the activation of osteoclasts and impairment of osteoblast differentiation. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is known to participate in the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to committed osteoprogenitor cells. We analysed the concentration of circulating CTGF in 35 MM patients and 22(More)
The thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor c-Mpl, like other members of the cytokine receptor superfamily, requires the association and activation of Janus kinases (JAKs) for normal signal transduction. The membrane-proximal portion of the signaling domain, containing conserved box1 and box2 motifs, is sufficient to support the proliferation of cytokine-dependent(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease characterized by the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. In 2013, we developed diagnostic criteria to enable early diagnosis and timely initiation of appropriate treatment for aHUS. Recent clinical and molecular findings have resulted in several(More)
Methylxantine derivative, caffeine, is known to prevent the p53-dependent apoptosis pathway via inhibition of ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) kinase, which activates p53 by phosphorylation of the Ser-15 residue. In contrast, it has been reported that caffeine induces p53-mediated apoptosis through Bax protein in non-small-cell lung cancer cells.(More)