Yoshitaka Kakubari

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Seasonal changes in photosynthetic capacity, leaf nitrogen (N) content, leaf chlorophyll (Chl) content and leaf N allocation patterns in leaves of different ages in the evergreen understory shrub, Daphniphyllum humile Maxim, growing at a forest border and an understory site were studied. In current-year leaves at the understory site, the N and Rubisco(More)
In Fagus, full-mast seeding years are invariably followed by at least one non-mast year. Both flower and leaf primordia develop during the summer within the same winter buds. Flower bud initiation occurs when the N content of developing seeds is increasing rapidly. We hypothesized that competition for nitrogen (N) between developing seeds and buds limits(More)
Xanthophyll rhodoxanthin, which is present in sun-exposed needles of certain gymnosperms in winter, may have a photoprotective role during long-term cold acclimation. To examine how cold acclimation processes vary within tree crowns and to examine putative correlations between xanthophyll cycle pigments (VAZ), rhodoxanthin and the water-water cycle in(More)
An understanding of spatial variations in gas exchange parameters in relation to the light environment is crucial for modeling canopy photosynthesis. We measured vertical, horizontal and azimuthal (north and south) variations in photosynthetic capacity (i.e., the maximum rate of carboxylation: Vcmax), nitrogen content (N), leaf mass per area (LMA) and(More)
Diurnal changes in gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and leaf water potential (ψ leaf) were measured to determine the environmental and physiological factors that limit carbon gain in the horizontal leaves of Fagus crenata Blume at the canopy top. Although midday depression of the net CO2 assimilation rate (A n) and stomatal conductance (gH2O) were(More)
Canopy photosynthetic capacity, measured as leaf maximum carboxylation rate (V (cmax)), is a key factor in ecosystem gas exchange models applied at different scales. We report seasonal and interannual variations in V(cmax) of natural beech stands (Fagus crenata Blume) along an altitudinal gradient in the temperate climate zone of Japan. Estimates are based(More)
Sap flux density was measured continuously during the 1999 and 2000 growing seasons by the heat dissipation method in natural Fagus crenata Blume (Japanese beech) forests growing between 550 and 1600 m on the northern slope of the Kagura Peak of the Naeba Mountains, Japan. Sap flux density decreased radially toward the inner xylem and the decrease was best(More)
In order to estimate drought tolerance in two species ofPopulus, Populus alba var. pyramidalis Bunge andPopulus nigra L. var. thevestina (Dode), widely planted at the southern margin of the Taklimakan Desert, responses of net photosynthesis and chlorophylla fluorescence to irradiance and water stress were examined under laboratory conditions. Results showed(More)
We examined the effects of leaf age and mutual shading on the morphology, photosynthetic properties and nitrogen (N) allocation of foliage of an evergreen understory shrub, Daphniphyllum humile Maxim, growing along a natural light gradient in a deciduous Fagus crenata-dominated forest in Japan. Seedlings in high-light environments were subject to greater(More)
On days with clear skies in late August 2002 diurnal changes in the within-branch heterogeneity of photosynthetic photon flux density at the leaf surface (PPFDs) and leaf temperature (T leaf) were measured at natural leaf orientations in the upper and lower layers of a Fagus crenata crown. The PPFDs and T leaf measurements were converted to branch(More)