Yoshitaka Kajimoto

Learn More
Oxidative stress is produced under diabetic conditions and possibly causes various forms of tissue damage in patients with diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the involvement of oxidative stress in the progression of pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes and to evaluate the potential usefulness of antioxidants in the treatment of(More)
The glycolytic enzyme glucokinase plays a primary role in the glucose-responsive secretion of insulin, and defects of this enzyme can cause NIDDM. As a step toward understanding the molecular basis of glucokinase (GK) gene regulation, we assessed the structure and regulation of the human GK gene beta-cell-type promoter. The results of reporter gene analyses(More)
Prolonged poor glycemic control in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients often leads to a decline in insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells, accompanied by a decrease in the insulin content of the cells. As a step toward elucidating the pathophysiological background of the so-called glucose toxicity to pancreatic beta cells, we induced(More)
The JNK pathway is known to be activated in several tissues in the diabetic state, and is possibly involved in the development of insulin resistance and suppression of insulin biosynthesis. Here we show a potential new therapy for diabetes using cell-permeable JNK-inhibitory peptide. Intraperitoneal administration of the peptide led to its transduction into(More)
Oxidative stress is produced under diabetic conditions and is likely involved in progression of pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction found in diabetes. Possibly caused by low levels of antioxidant enzyme expressions, pancreatic beta-cells are vulnerable to oxidative stress. When beta-cell-derived HIT-T15 cells or isolated rat islets were exposed to oxidative(More)
As a step toward elucidating the physiological role of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in mediating estrogen action, we sought to determine the molecular basis of the phenomenon. In HepG2 cells expressing exogenous estrogen receptors (ER), a reporter gene plasmid containing 600 base pairs of the chicken IGF-I promoter enhanced expression of luciferase(More)
Ultrasound high-resolution B-mode imaging was used to assess the carotid arteries in 105 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), 4-25 years of age, with duration of diabetes ranging from 0.5-17 years, 529 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM), 31-86 years of age, with duration of diabetes ranging from 0.5-49 years, and 104(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Chronic hyperglycaemia in patients with Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus often leads to a decline in glucose-responsive insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells, a phenomenon called glucose toxicity. Upon hyperglycaemia, glycation reaction occurs in the beta cells and induces oxidative stress. To understand the(More)
Oxidative stress is induced in pancreatic beta-cells under diabetic conditions and causes beta-cell dysfunction. Antioxidant treatment of diabetic animals leads to recovery of insulin biosynthesis and increases the expression of its controlling transcription factor, pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1), in pancreatic beta-cells. Here, we show that PDX-1(More)
We have isolated a rat cDNA clone encoding a neural visinin-like Ca(2+)-binding protein (NVP), which we designate NVP-1. To identify additional molecular forms of NVP, a rat brain cDNA library was screened for their presence using an NVP-1 cDNA probe under low-stringency hybridization conditions. Two types of cDNA clones encoding structurally related(More)