Yoshitada Masuda

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Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can provide valuable structural information about tissues that may be useful for clinical applications in evaluating lumbar foraminal nerve root entrapment. Our purpose was to visualize the lumbar nerve root and to analyze its morphology, and to measure its apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in healthy volunteers and(More)
Although abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) occur mostly inferior to the renal artery, the mechanism of the development of AAA in relation to its specific location is not yet clearly understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that even healthy volunteers may manifest specific flow characteristics of blood flow and alter wall shear(More)
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can provide valuable structural information that may be useful for evaluating pathological changes of the lumbar nerve root. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) neurography has recently been introduced as an alternative way to visualize nerves, but to date, quantitative DWI and MR neurography have not been applied to(More)
BACKGROUND Standard choledochal cyst (CC) operations involve dilated extrahepatic bile duct excision followed by biloenterostomy. However, biliary variants and associated intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) stenoses or dilatations triggering postoperative sequelae require additional procedures. The usefulness of preoperative 3-dimensional magnetic resonance(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective observational study of healthy volunteers and patients with degenerative and infectious endplate abnormalities in the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the differentiation of degenerative and infectious endplate abnormalities using 1.5-T magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND Alteration in shoulder kinematics has been suggested as one cause of symptoms in shoulders with rotator cuff tears (RCTs). However, only a few studies comparing symptomatic and asymptomatic RCTs using kinematic analysis have been performed. The purpose of this study was to compare 3-dimensional (3D) scapular and glenohumeral kinematics during(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of coronal reformatted images obtained from 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography to assess the ablative margin (AM) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with radio frequency ablation (RFA). Ninety-five HCC nodules were analyzed in 66 HCC patients treated with RFA. Two radiologists(More)
A medical compact cyclotron produces about 10(15) neutrons per day along with 100 GBq of (18)F. Therefore, it is important to establish radiation safety guidelines on residual radioactivity for routine operation, maintenance work, and decommissioning. Thus, we developed a simple method for measuring the thermal neutrons in a cyclotron room. In order to(More)
Some medical compact cyclotrons have self-shielding to reduce neutron fluxes. Thermal neutron fluxes in an 18-MeV unshielded cyclotron room and in a 16.5-MeV self-shielded cyclotron room were evaluated. In addition, the radioactivities in concrete and metals due to thermal neutrons in the cyclotron rooms for 30 years were calculated of operation such that(More)