Yoshiro Saimi

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The molecular identification of ion channels in internal membranes has made scant progress compared with the study of plasma membrane ion channels. We investigated a prominent voltage-dependent, cation-selective, and calcium-activated vacuolar ion conductance of 320 pS (yeast vacuolar conductance, YVC1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we report on a gene,(More)
A surprising variety of ion channels found in a wide range of species from Homo to Paramecium use calmodulin (CaM) as their constitutive or dissociable Ca(2+)-sensing subunits. The list includes voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, various Ca(2+)- or ligand-gated channels, Trp family channels, and even the Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release channels from organelles.(More)
Hyperpolarization of Paramecium tetraurelia under conditions where K+ currents are suppressed elicits an inward current that activates rapidly toward a peak at 25-80 ms and decays thereafter. This peak current (Ihyp) is not affected by removing Cl ions from the microelectrodes used to clamp membrane potential, or by changing extracellular Cl- concentration,(More)
Our previous patch-clamp studies showed that depolarization activates a K(+)-specific current in the plasma membrane of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae [Gustin et al. (1986) Science 233, 1195-1197]. The Yeast Genome Sequencing Project has now uncovered on the left arm of chromosome X an open reading frame (ORF) that predicts a 77-kDa protein(More)
The deep roots and wide branches of the K(+)-channel family are evident from genome surveys and laboratory experimentation. K(+)-channel genes are widespread and found in nearly all the free-living bacteria, archaea and eukarya. The conservation of basic structures and mechanisms such as the K(+) filter, the gate, and some of the gate's regulatory domains(More)
Hyperpolarization of voltage-clampedParamecium tetraurelia in K+ solutions elicits a complex of Ca2+ and K+ currents. The tail current that accompanies a return to holding potential (−40 mV) contains two K+ components. The tail current elicited by a step to −110 mV of ≥50-msec duration contains fast-decaying (τ≈3.5 msec) and slow-decaying (τ≈20 msec)(More)
Toward isolating channel proteins from Paramecium, we have explored the possibility of functionally reconstituting ion channels in an artificial system. Proteins from Paramecium cortex reconstituted with soybean azolectin retained several channels whose activities were readily registered under patch clamp. The most commonly encountered activities were(More)
YKC1 (TOK1, DUK1, YORK) encodes the outwardly rectifying K+ channel of the yeast plasma membrane. Non-targeted mutations of YKC1 were isolated by their ability to completely block proliferation when expressed in yeast. All such mutations examined occurred near the cytoplasmic ends of the transmembrane segments following either of the duplicated P loops,(More)
Studies of ion channels have for long been dominated by the animalcentric, if not anthropocentric, view of physiology. The structures and activities of ion channels had, however, evolved long before the appearance of complex multicellular organisms on earth. The diversity of ion channels existing in cellular membranes of prokaryotes is a good example.(More)
Whether animal ion channels functioning as mechanosensors are directly activated by stretch force or indirectly by ligands produced by the stretch is a crucial question. TRPV4, a key molecular model, can be activated by hypotonicity, but the mechanism of activation is unclear. One model has this channel being activated by a downstream product of(More)