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Hedgehog proteins constitute one of a small number of families of secreted signals that have a central role in the development of metazoans. Genetic analyses in flies, fish and mice have uncovered the major components of the pathway that transduces Hedgehog signals, and recent genome sequence projects have provided clues about its evolutionary origins. In(More)
Human keratinocyte strains derived from the bulge region of plucked human follicles were successfully established from all 43 donors (age 24-76) regardless of the age and gender. The total cell number, number of population doublings and population doubling time were similar among the strains. These bulge-derived keratinocytes, BDKs, expressed keratin family(More)
AIM To investigate the possible role of polysaccharide-K (PSK) -related markers in predicting distant metastasis and in the clinical outcome of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS Firstly, we used protein microarrays to analyze the in vitro expression profiles of potential PSK-related markers in the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line SW480, which(More)
Distant metastasis is one of the major problems in treatment for advanced colorectal cancer. Polysaccharide-K (PSK), or Krestin, a mushroom ingredient, has been used as a chemoimmunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of cancers in Asia for over 30 years. Some studies have reported that PSK prevent distant metastases and improve survival rates by 10-20% in(More)
The isolation and analysis of Drosophila mutants with altered sexual orientation lead to the identification of novel branches in the sex-determination cascade which govern the sexually dimorphic development of the nervous system. One such example is the fruitless (fru) gene, the mutation of which induces male-to-male courtship and malformation of a(More)
Hawaiian Drosophila offer an excellent model for adaptive evolution. More than 500 species are reported in Hawaiian islands, and there is considerable diversity in behavior and morphology. Such diversity is mainly driven by sexual selection. In this study qualitative and quantitative chemical compositions of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) in 138 flies(More)
Cloninger's theory is that specific dimensions of temperament are associated with single neurotransmitter systems, and it is based on neurophysiologic and genetic approaches to the human traits. It suggests that overexpression of temperament could cause psychiatric illness. Based on this theory, we examined the correlation between reward dependence (RD)(More)
By using retroviral insertional mutagenesis in zebrafish, we have identified a recessive lethal mutation in the not really started (nrs) gene. The nrs mutation disrupts a gene located in linkage group 3 that is highly homologous to the spinster gene identified in Drosophila and to spinster orthologs identified in mammals. In flies, spinster encodes a(More)
Cisplatin (CDDP) is widely used to treat oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), however, many patients exhibit acquired drug resistance. Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcriptional co-activator of the Hippo pathway that regulates organ size and promotes cell proliferation. YAP overexpression correlates with epithelial-mesenchymal transition and nodal(More)
In the spinster (spin) mutant of Drosophila melanogaster, the extent of programmed cell death (PCD) in the abdominal ganglion 6 h after puparium formation (APF) is significantly reduced. The shortening of the abdominal ganglion, which is normally completed 48 h APF, does not occur. After eclosion, neurodegeneration accompanied by accumulation of(More)