Yoshiro Mano

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Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling salt tolerance at germination and the seedling stage in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were identified by interval mapping analysis using marker information from two doubled haploid (DH) populations derived from the crosses, Steptoe/Morex and Harrington/TR306. Interval mapping analysis revealed that the QTLs for salt(More)
Wild relatives of barley disperse their seeds at maturity by means of their brittle rachis. In cultivated barley, brittleness of the rachis was lost during domestication. Nonbrittle rachis of occidental barley lines is controlled by a single gene (btr1) on chromosome 3H. However, nonbrittle rachis of oriental barley lines is controlled by a major gene(More)
Cleistogamy is a closed type of flowering with ensured self-pollination and an important trait to study evolutionary development in flower organs, reproduction systems, gene flow, and disease control. Still, very limited information is available about the genetic control and regulatory mechanism of this trait in barley. In this work, from the eight crosses(More)
Lateral spikelet fertility and a non-brittle rachis are key characters in studying the evolution of barley. The fertility of lateral spikelets is controlled predominantly by the alleles at the vrs1 locus on chromosome 2HL and is modified by the alleles at the int-c locus on chromosome 4HS. The non-brittle rachis is controlled by alleles at two tightly(More)
Adventitious root formation (ARF) at the soil surface is one of the most important adaptations to soil flooding or waterlogging. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling ARF under flooding condition were identified in a 94 F2 individual population by crossing maize (Zea mays L., B64) × teosinte (Z. mays ssp. huehuetenangensis). A base-map was constructed(More)
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling callus growth (CG), subsequent shoot differentiation ratio (SD) and green shoot ratio (GS) in immature embryo culture were identified in barley. A base map was developed from 99 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of 'Azumamugi' × 'Kanto Nakate Gold'. The tissue-culture traits were evaluated at the F7 and F10(More)
Morphological and anatomical factors such as aerenchyma formation in roots and the development of adventitious roots are considered to be amongst the most important developmental characteristics affecting flooding tolerance. In this study we investigated the lengths of adventitious roots and their capacity to form aerenchyma in three- and four-week-old(More)
Using a 141 F2 population generated from maize inbred B64 × teosinte Zea nicaraguensis cross, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling aerenchyma formation in roots under non-flooding drained soil conditions were identified. Seedlings of Z. nicaraguensis formed clear aerenchyma in the cortex of adventitious roots in non-flooding conditions, whereas the(More)
The Rfm1a gene restores the fertility of msm1 cytoplasmic male-sterile lines in barley. We identified three RAPD markers linked to the Rfm1 locus (CMNB-07/800, OPI-18/900, and OPT-02/700) using isogenic lines and segregating BC1F1 and F2 populations. Using a previously developed linkage map of barley, we located CMNB-07/800 and OPT-02/700 beside MWG2218 on(More)
The teosinte Zea nicaraguensis, a wild relative of maize, possesses a flooding tolerance-related trait: the formation of constitutive root aerenchyma under drained (non-flooded) soil conditions. A previous study suggested that the degree of constitutive aerenchyma formation varies within Z. nicaraguensis. The objectives of this study were to construct(More)