Yoshiro Kawahara

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early gastric cancer is less invasive than surgical resection, and if technically feasible, it may result in less long-term morbidity than does incisional surgery. However, ESD is technically difficult in patients who have had a previous distal gastrectomy. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is expected to reduce the local recurrence of gastric cancers, we still experience cases of recurrence after an ESD. OBJECTIVE To characterize clinical and pathologic features of cases with local recurrence of early gastric cancer after an ESD. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING AND(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is difficult to accurately diagnose patients with depressed gastric mucosal cancer based on conventional white-light imaging (C-WLI) endoscopy. We compared the real-time diagnostic yield of C-WLI for small, depressed gastric mucosal cancers with that of magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI). METHODS We performed a multicenter,(More)
AIM To investigate the capacity for 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) to evaluate patients with gastrointestinal lesions of follicular lymphoma. METHODS This retrospective case series consisted of 41 patients with follicular lymphoma and gastrointestinal involvement who underwent 18F-FDG-PET and endoscopic evaluations at(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Because of technical difficulty, colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (CR-ESD) is not widely performed. We aimed to determine risk factors for such technical difficulty as defined by long procedure duration (≥  150 min), perforation, and piecemeal resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with consecutive colorectal tumors(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the colon has rapidly come into widespread use. However, as complications such as bleeding and perforation often occur, and the procedure time is longer for ESD than for endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), development of safer and more reliable devices are required especially for colorectal(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been used recently for successful en bloc resection of even large lesions, although no consensus appears in medical literature concerning its application to elderly patients. This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of colorectal ESD for patients 80 years of age or older. Colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Two studies have reported on the superiority of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) compared with a histamine-2-receptor antagonist for the treatment of artificial ulcers after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), but the optimal dose of PPI remains to be defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of reducing the dose of(More)
BACKGROUND The polymorphic enzyme cytochrome P450 2C19 affects omeprazole metabolism. This influence on metabolism might affect serum gastrin levels, and safety, during long-term treatment of reflux oesophagitis. AIM To examine the relationship between cytochrome P450 2C19 genotype and the safety profile of long-term omeprazole treatment. METHODS A(More)