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Human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 and -18 encode E6 oncoprotein, which binds to and induces degradation of the tumor suppressor protein p53. A common polymorphism of p53, encoding either proline or arginine at position 72, affects the susceptibility of p53 to E6-mediated degradation in vivo; Caucasian women homozygous for arginine 72 reportedly are about seven(More)
To evaluate whether mutations in the human multidrug resistance (MDR)-1 gene correlate with placental P-glycoprotein (PGP) expression, we sequenced the MDR-1 cDNA and measured PGP expression by Western blotting in 100 placentas obtained from Japanese women. Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were observed with an allelic frequency of 0.005 to(More)
The tumor suppressor PTEN acts as a lipid phosphatase, regulates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt-signaling pathway, and modulates cell cycle progression and cell survival. Somatic mutations of PTEN have been reported in a variety of cancers, especially in endometrial carcinoma. To clarify whether and how PTEN and the PI3K/Akt pathway relates to(More)
A tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 10q23, PTEN, encodes a phosphatidylinositol phosphatase that antagonizes activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase-mediated pathway involved in cell growth. A gene encoding the catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PIK3CA) is frequently activated in ovarian cancers; therefore, overexpression of the(More)
We previously demonstrated that cysteine-rich with EGF-like domains 2 (CRELD2), a novel ER stress-inducible factor, is a secretory glycoprotein; however, the stimuli that induce CRELD2 secretion have not yet been characterized. In this study, we found that the perturbation of intravesicular acidification of cytoplasmic organelles in HEK293 cells stably(More)
We conducted the present study to determine the relationship between p53-dependent apoptosis and telomerase activity in ovarian cancer cells. A human ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line, SK-OV-3 that had homozygous deletion of the p53 gene was used in this study. Wild-type p53 genes were transducted to SK-OV-3 cells with a recombinant adenovirus that contained(More)
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